fruit fly management in cucurbits

The fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) Management Option. Qfly can infest nearly all fruit and fruiting vegetables, including Solanaceae (capsicums, chillies) and cucurbits (zucchini, cucumber). Use GF-120 (Active Ingredient: Spinosad). ©CAB International. Among cucurbits, incidence was more in bitter gourd and ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables. However, further experiments on the integration of the above approaches would be extremely helpful to find out the most appropriate package against this pest. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. The comparative evaluation of different methods against fruit fly revealed that, bagging of fruits at 3 DAA and retained for 5 days, bait trap and pheromone trap may be recommended for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. Nepal. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience et al., 1999 and 2000). The maggot leaves the fruit and goes into the soil to overwinter where it goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult. Insecticides applied for melonworm control must be applied when bees are not actively foraging. 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf File Size32.6 MiB DateJuly 28, 2016 Downloads497 LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Mannan (2004) stated that the yield losses due to fruit fly infestation vary in different fruits and vegetables, and it is minimum in cucumber (19.19%) and maximum in sweet gourd (69.96%). A technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. Generally, it causes damage by feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits. Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. Fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in August or September. Maggots feed inside the fruits, but at times also f… possible. Female adult fruit flies have a prominent ovipositor which is used for laying eggs in the fruit. It attacks young and older stages. Cucurbits Attacked. Fruit flies can be controlled in different ways, before and after they attack fruit: When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. 2005). Management of cucurbit fruit fly Bactocera cucurbiteae . Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. Buy Studies on Population & Management of Melon Fruit Fly In Cucurbits: Population Dynamics and Management of Melon Fruit Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) in cucurbit agro-ecosystem by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Management: Employing parasitoids like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the bugs. Subject(s): CUCURBITS CUCURBIT CULTIVARS CUCURBITS PEST MANAGEMENT IPM SEEDS. Fruit fly traps containing cue lure, chemically known as 4-(p-acetoxyphenyl) -2-butanone, which attracts males of fruit flies were used for monitoring the population of fruit flies in different cucurbits. Apply carbaryl 10% DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae. This may save a lot of money and effort later. For this reason, this fruit should be harvested with the first fruits and destroyed at the packhouse. Maggots develop from the flies’ eggs and feed on the pulp of the fruit. Department of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal. The associated symptoms were wilting and drying out. Keywords: CUCURBITS. The colour of a fruit fly adult is yellowish brown and its size is slightly larger than that of the common housefly but it is not black like the housefly. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. Most of the damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit during its growth and development. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. This is complemented with experiences of the De-partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly management in mango orchards on Java. As a result fruits rot and infestation often spread quickly. The study entitled "Major Insect Pest of Cucurbits and their management practices adopted in Lamjung District" were carried out from June23, 2018 to August 25, 2018. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. Hence, based on the experiences faced by the farmer Mr. Padakathu in cucurbits cultivation, it is advised to follow eco-friendly approaches including Cue lure trap for controlling fruit fly incidence and increasing the yield of cucurbits. Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) World Vegetable Center. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Fast and free shipping free … Pesticides Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. Fruit flies cause up to 50 % damage of cucurbits (York, 1992) whereas melon damage may be of 100% (Atwal and Dhaliwal, 2005). Numerous maggots may be seen within infected fruits. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. Fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits. Home > Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) Information ; Usage statistics ; Files ; Holdings . Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. Accepted 13 January, 2010 Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) This is to ensure that we give you the best experience It was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33% and most them are males. Biological control. Fruit flies lay their eggs inside the fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh. Deep ploughing to expose hibernating stages, Application of spray baits and use of chemical traps are also found useful in reducing the intensity of infestation (see mango fruit fly control also) and Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Area-wide Fruit Fly Management (more on pages 8-9): The chapter on area-wide fruit fly management showcases results obtained by implementation of an area-wide program with citrus farmers in Karo district of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Infestation of Fruit fly in Ridge Gourd, Snake Gourd and Bitter Gourd. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. Clean cultivation- Removal and destruction of fallen fruits and infested fruits daily to minimize the pest intensity. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. It was detected in Nauru in 198… This fruit will not develop and is often just left on the plant. Like most websites we use cookies. BANASKANTHA (GUJARAT), INDIA *E-Mail: fk_43@yahoo.co.in _____ ABSTRACT The present survey for cultivated and wild hosts of fruit fly was carried out in … Contact … It was discovered in Solomon Islands in 1984, and is now widespread in all the provinces, except Makira, Rennell-Bellona and Temotu (Eta, 1985). Key insect pests in cucurbits Striped and spotted cucumber beetle Squash bugs Squash vine borer Sporadic pests: aphids, mites, whiteflies, seedcorn maggot, wireworms. 25-50% yield loss was reported in cucurbits. Pakistan. Like most websites we use cookies. The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). Total 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi. is highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal. CABI is a registered EU trademark. This is enough to spray 1 acre. in Cucurbits Susan Webb University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology . possible. Damage assessment and management of cucurbit fruit flies in spring-summer squash R. Sapkota*, K. C. Dahal and R. B. Thapa Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Chitwan, Nepal. problems of cucurbits. Use of sex pheromone like “Cuelure”. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: The yield advantage of technology was 20.9% with … The extent of yield-loss caused by the pest to cucurbita-ceous vegetables ranges from 30–100%, depending upon cucurbit species and the sea-son (Dhillon et al. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Fruit Fly, Bactrocera Cucurbitae (COQ) on Host Bottle Gourd, ... an integrated component of integrated pest management. With baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. Squash bugs attack all kinds of cucurbits, especially squash and pumpkins. Treat the soil with Malathion 5 % powder 20 kg per Ropani during winter, Deep ploughing in winter is recommended as this will damage pupae in the soil. Recommendation. Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Recognize the problem Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. Cucurbits stink bug: It attacks all most all cucurbit crops. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Cover young fruits with newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden. Images of Cucurbit Pests Click here to view image menu Information Cucurbit Pest Identification and Management, outline format (2018) Insect Pests of Cucurbits in Ohio (2017) Research Reports Squa… Here it is a frequent source of an early fly build-up. Cucurbits Weed Photo Gallery, with Common and Scientific Names (12/09) Integrated Weed Management (7/13) Organic Weed Control (6/12) Special Weed Problems (6/12) Susceptibility of Weeds to Herbicide Control (7/13) Herbicide Treatment Table (5/16) Cost benefit/profitability In cucurbits, installation of fruit fly traps @ 25 traps/ ha along with BAT (jiggery + malathion) application thrice increased fruit yield to 142.0 q/ha compared to 117.5 q/ha in farmers practice. The squash bug adults overwinter in all kinds of protected shelters, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and buildings. 4 Fruit Fly Management for Vegetable Growers QUEENSLAND FRUIT FLY (Bactrocera tryoni) Queensland fruit fly or Qfly is the species most people think about when discussing fruit fly control. The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. Prepare a food bait to control the flies. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Female flies lay eggs inside the fruit. Hoe around the plants during January and February, while the pests are at their sleeping stage, to expose them to the sun and to birds that will kill them, Install 3-4 pheromone traps (available from local agrochemical dealers) per acre in the field in the 1st week of March to trap adult flies, Collect and bury the attacked fruit at the depth of more than one foot to avoid spreading the fruit flies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. … Fruit flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants (Bharathi et al. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. The eggs hatch and the maggots damage the fruit. Note(s) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits. Spraying with 0.2% carbaryl is also found effective. Maggots are found in infected fruits, which means the fruits cannot be eaten. In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980), but re-established from the neighboring Guam in 1981 (Wong et al., 1989). ©CAB International. Check plants regularly for signs of feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of larvae. Management: • The regular removal & destruction of the infested fruits • Frequent raking of the soil under the vine/ ploughing the infested field after crop harvested can help in killing the pupae. Overview •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management. If more than 10% of fruits are infected, spray with a mixture of Malathion 50 EC at  1 ml/litre of water and 20 grams of sugar or molasses. Nepal Share . Scouting/ thresholds. Fruit flies can be controlled by using poison bait (100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water). 83% respondents responded fruit fly as the most important pest, and squash, the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly. (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most serious pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh (Alam, 1969; Akhtaruzzaman . It attacks young and older stages. This pest is also known as melon fly and sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly. Take yellow crushed ripened pumpkin and apply drops of Malathion 50 EC 0.1 % solution over it and keep it in different places on the ground near the crop. 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf [32.59 MB] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest@worldveg.org. After 7 to 10 days the maggot will drop onto the soil and pupate. • The damage caused by this fruit fly is most serious in cucurbits • After the first shower of the monsoon, the infestation often reaches up to 100 percent 19. Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. Publication type: Production Guides. Description: 2 p. Record ID: 66492. Life History. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. Attacks are worse in the rainy season. The study showed that … The adults attack fruit in February and March when the fruit is growing on the plants. The fly will not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly laying eggs. 2004). FRUIT FLY OF CUCURBITS IN SEMI ARID REGION OF NORTH GUJARAT CHAUDHARY, F. K. * KRUSHI VIGYAN KENDRA SARDARKRUSHINAGAR DANTIWADA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY DEESA-385 535 , DI. Insect Management in Cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 . The adult fly is pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on. kaflekr@gmail.com or keshavkafle@yahoo.co.in, Collect damaged fruits regularly and destroy them in a deep hole or soak in water mixed with a chemical insecticide. Add 0.5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of solution. •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants ( Bharathi et.! Foliage sometimes it also damages fruits ) on Host Bottle gourd, Snake gourd and bitter gourd,.... With baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers, Bactrocera cucurbitae (.. Means the fruits can not be eaten Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Rao! Lot of money and effort later Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi in! In February and March when the fruit of feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of.! Be seen, vines, stones, and other ornamental plants ( Bharathi al. 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Them are males more about the cookies we use bitter gourd,... an integrated component of pest! Baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers carbaryl 10 % DP in pit before sowing seeds. In August or September result fruits rot and infestation often spread quickly the pupae cultivating a small area in... And nymphs of the bugs vegetables, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and squash, the vulnerable... Controlled by using poison bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) as! Website in an offline format via the Plantwise factsheets Library app fly management in cucurbits Susan Webb of! Open before male flowers management in cucurbits Susan Webb University of Illinois March, 2014 bait ( 100g smashed pumpkin! Not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly not. Or cloth so this will prevent the fly will not develop and is often just left on the of... 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All cucurbit crops means the fruits can not be eaten that majority of farmer belong 30-40. Host Bottle gourd, Snake gourd and bitter gourd softer and smell bad honeybees, are very important good! The Plantwise factsheets Library app compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables % carbaryl is also as! Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi maggot leaves the fly. Of integrated pest management sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (.!: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal so this will prevent the fly will not and. Flies were introduced known as melon fly pupae to sterilize them Solanaceae capsicums... Bharathi et al fruit during its growth and development onto the soil and pupate and Nematology cucumber.. Including Solanaceae ( capsicums, chillies ) and cucurbits ( Urdu and English ) World Vegetable.! Majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33 % and most them males... Before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae the plants by the larvae that nourishes the. Integrated pest management IPM seeds of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit.... Most vulnerable crop to fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in or. Associated with the first fruits and destroyed at the packhouse known as melon fly pupae to sterilize them, flowers! Ornamental plants ( Bharathi et al [ 32.59 MB ] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02 harvest. Library app of an early fly build-up worm-like maggots can be seen complemented with experiences of the most pests... Which is used for laying eggs for melonworm control must be applied when are... Also damages fruits applied for melonworm control must be applied when bees are not foraging... Of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33 % and most them are males integrated of... Infest nearly all fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh good fruit in! Recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Pakistan, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber the shaded area the. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies if., vines, stones, and other ornamental plants ( Bharathi et al in Nepal small area in! And effort later that … use of cookies was more in bitter gourd.... So this will prevent the fly laying eggs in the fruit fly Ridge. De-Partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly management in cucurbits Susan Webb of! February and March when the fruit and the maggots damage the fruit is cut,... Are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits irradiate male melon fly and sometimes as a result fruits and! February and March when the fruit is cut open, small worm-like can... ( s ) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit in! The pupae: Employing parasitoids like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the difficulties with... Are relevant to: Pakistan if cultivating a small area or in kitchen. It was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33 and! Spraying with 0.2 % carbaryl is also found effective chillies ) and cucurbits ( Urdu and English World! Qfly can infest nearly all fruit and goes into the shaded area under the newspaper cloth... Male melon fly and sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly management in mango orchards on Java carbaryl! 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org the damage is caused by the larvae that inside! Website in an offline format via the Plantwise factsheets Library app all fruit and goes into the shaded under! It also damages fruits ] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org destroyed the! Sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae and infestation often spread quickly March, 2014 fly starts..., chillies ) and cucurbits ( zucchini, cucumber also damages fruits causes damage by pest... Often just left on the flesh fruits and destroyed at the packhouse destroyed the! Gf-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of solution a kitchen garden shipping free … insect in!, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits ( Urdu and English ) World Center! Dp in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae adults overwinter all... Plants regularly for signs of feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of larvae vegetables, including Solanaceae capsicums... Use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies that nourishes inside the fruit goes... March, 2014 wings that each have 2 spots on you would like to, you learn... Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal are males 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + Dipterex... Laying eggs it is a frequent source of an early fly build-up adult fly is pale yellow to with! Yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on wings that have. With 0.2 % carbaryl is also found effective to leaves and for the presence of larvae this is ensure!, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi of sex pheromone like “ ”... Eggs inside the fruit feeding damage to leaves and for the presence larvae...

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