do spike deer stay spikes

Advertise Deciding whether or not to take a Spike on your property can mean the difference of a nice 8 or 10 point buck in a few short years. The bucks I’m talking about are middle-aged deer; 3 and 4 year old bucks with lots of promise on one side and nothing but disappointment on the other. “Once a spike, always a spike” was a conclusion the guys at deer camp made based on nothing more than occasional observation. Once these show up, that rack is not going to get any better, and may well go downhill next year. A one-year-old buck with 4-inch spike antlers might turn into a record-class 10-point at age 5 or 6. His passions are hunting, archery, fly fishing, kayaking, stand up paddle boarding and wildlife photography. Dealing With Unexplained Blood Sugar Spikes. Stress from overpopulation and from harsh winters can also result in poor antler development. the statement about killing other deer is also completely false, as spike deer will very rarely fight other deer in the herd. However, a very high percentage of spikes killed were 1 1/2 yrs. Where it’s antlers haven’t branched, thus it has “spikes”. if, however you see the same deer growing spikes every year, then they are no help the the genetics of the herd, and should be taken. Spikes are not on the covers of magazines. If you want to tell Steve exactly where your favorite hunting spot is, contact him through his website, www.EverydayHunter.com. 1 reason a buck wears spikes as his first set of antlers is age. Many deer managers and hunters “glommed on” to spike bucks possessing genetics for inferior antler development and contributed heavily to the “once a spike always a spike” theory. Partly cloudy skies this evening will become overcast overnight. And this is easy to justify because in dry years a a good number of yearling bucks are spikes. Obviously Genetics is the biggest factor, would you say Nutrition is second? So they assumed they were the same deer, and concluded that some bucks just couldn’t grow anything bigger than spike antlers. The vast majority (usually greater than 95 percent) of spike bucks are yearlings (1-year-old deer) and nearly all yearling spikes grow substantially larger antlers later in life. I get a lot of questions about what to do with spikes. But if we shoot them as spikes, yes, they will never have more than spike antlers. Pennsylvania also protects spike bucks, and any antlered deer with fewer than three points on at least one antler. That’s when he can finally put maximum resources into antler development. “A lot of people believe that a spike will have a spike rack throughout its life, but the research says that’s simply not true. Contact Us, All Contents © 2015 WildBuck™, LLC | Design and Development by WildBuck. Please go to the Instagram Feed settings page to connect an account. Promotional Rates were found for your code. Thanks to the use of trail cameras, we can see what deer are doing every day of the year. That’s because a buck doesn’t display his full antler potential until he is skeletally mature, which happens at around 5 years of age. We had a managed hunt club for 24 years and weighed and pulled jaw bones from every deer. JJHACK,Nov 20, 2011 To view our latest e-Edition click the image on the left. for 1 day, Free “Absolutely not,” Dr. Kroll says. Now, spikes rarely get the honor of being mounted, but if … Most usually grow racks in future years. “Once a spike, always a spike” is one of deer-hunting’s oldest and most-incorrect beliefs. IMO, the size of the spike deer should be considered first. Few yearling bucks with spike antlers are genetically programmed to remain spike bucks at maturity. Deer mating season leads to spikes in crashes ... Patrol said troopers typically see a spike in crashes involving deer at this time of year. It would be the extreme exception to the natural growth of elk antlers. Some don't. This happens every season. The value of spike deer to a herd continues to be a topic of friendly debate, especially among wildlife biologists. access for current print subscribers. Most of them are not great. Ignorant statement. Today’s average hunter has access to much more knowledge. White-tailed deer tend to grow antlers that are fairly well-balanced. On your next view you will be asked to log in to your subscriber account or create an account and subscribepurchase a subscription to continue reading. On the surface this appears to support the contention that spike-antlered deer may be inferior and on average will never produce the kind of antlers that multi-pointed yearlings will. While we are patiently waiting on the buck we let walk last year, guess who walks out first – Mr. Spike. If you have any questions or need further assistance, please call our customer service team at 716-372-3121. This poor photo dug out of my ancient archives supports the point of this column. A generation ago most hunters knew little about what went on in the deer world outside hunting season itself and a few scouting days leading up to the season. The Product Owner allocates a little bit of the team’s capacity now, ahead of when the story needs to be delivered, so that when the story comes into the sprint, the team knows what to do. “The ‘once a spike, always a spike’ maxim should be dead, but unfortunately it’s not,” said Lindsay Thomas of the Quality Deer Management Association. On your next view you will be asked to log in or create an account to continue reading. Find Out Which Protein Source Is Best [VIDEO], The Most Important Time To Feed Protein If You Want To Grow Big Pasture Born Bucks, How To Tell When The Rut Is Really On In Your Hunting Area [TIP: TARSAL GLAND]. So if you see a Spike on a 1.5 year old body, you know he has several years to improve. You have permission to edit this article. He was fortunate to be introduced to hunting and fishing at a very young age where he grew up in a small rural town just southwest of San Antonio, Texas. What would it take for this 1.5 year old Spike to grow into a big 8 or 10? Thank you for reading! “Once a spike, always a spike” is one of deer-hunting’s oldest and most-incorrect beliefs. The bottom line of the Kerr study is that antler characteristics (including spike) are inherited, that old spikes produce young spikes and that yearling deer with spike antlers are smaller than yearlings with fork antlers and remain so at least until the fourth set of antlers. At 1 1/2 years old, buck Y-34 produced six points. Yearling spikes will be easier to spot by their "youth" size and usually carry shorter spikes. And many times, those poor decisions involve spikes. A hunter in Ohio tells me they seldom see spikes in the Buckeye State. Many hunters cannot fathom a skinny 1.5 year old Spike turning into a big 8 or 10 in two or three years, so they take him right away. By STEVE SORENSEN, Special to the Olean Times Herald. But if you see a Spike on a 5.5 or 6.5 year old body, more than likely he may always be a Spike? Thank you for reading! Our digital products are available 24/7 and are accessible anywhere, anytime. by Carlos Riojas | Sep 25, 2017 | Bowhunting, How To, Hunting, Podcast, Listen On: Apple Podcasts | Android | Google Podcasts | Stitcher | RSS. Perhaps back then people believed “once a spike, always a spike” because they would see spikes year after year in the same area, and most of them would look pretty much the same because spike antlers often have little in the way of defining features. It's the deer with just one forked antler that's longer than what you see on yearlings that I look for first. I got this from a man who is a deer management expert, and has the deer … Deer research by conservation organizations and state game departments has exploded, and it’s available to the common man via the computer keyboard. Again, in states where nutrition is better and more reliable, pregnant does and young bucks get more food. He enjoys the beauty, serenity and excitement that is had in the wild waters and woods of Texas. Winds light and variable.. Learn more about Deer & Wildlife Management, Holistic Habitat Management and Restoration, Hunting Lease Management along with other wildlife services that help you maximize wildlife on your property by visiting: www.springcreekoutdoors.com, Cover Photo: © Hardy Jackson | Campos Viejos Ranch – South Texas, WildBuck Original Chocolate Antler and Buckskin Hats – Click Here, How Cottonseed Can Help Grow Bigger Bucks With Biologist Macy Ledbetter [PODCAST], A Protein Chat With Double Down Deer Feed Creator Brett Holden [PODCAST], How To Grow Big Bucks On Low Fence Properties [TIP]. Wildlife Biologist Macy Ledbetter sits down with us at the Texas Deer Association Annual Convention in San Antonio and tells us how Spikes can grow into big 8 or 10 point bucks in a few shorts years. "Generally, what we've seen is that [spike-antlered yearlings] stay a little behind up to the 4 1/2-year-old age class, and they pretty well close the gap at that time. Throughout summer and early fall, he tended to bed with does, one of which appeared to be his mother. If you have an event you'd like to list on the site, submit it now! Other causes of spike bucks include poor nutrition during gestation or poor nutrition during the buck’s first year. We hope that you enjoy our free content. If a buck must be harvested in these uncommon latter situations, a spike suffices as well as any other buck. I took a spike during bow season it was my first deer with a bow so no I do not feel bad for doing so. Almost every spike buck can overcome these handicaps through time and nutrition, a. Since you viewed this item previously you can read it again. All you have to do is activate your access. Low 22F. Carlos Riojas is the Creator of WildBuck and contributor and editor to various entities in the outdoor industry. Winds light and variable. Answered October 30, 2019 Spike deer is a deer in the early stages of its life. To activate digital access, you will need your account number. In big deer hunting states like New York and Pennsylvania, where most deer were young, hunters didn’t think much about body features that define older deer and never bothered to wonder why that spike buck they saw year after year always had the body of a young, adolescent deer. We hope that you continue to enjoy our free content. This is called the secondary rut. Keep in mind, however, that no two antlers are ever exactly alike, although their similarities from side to side, or even from one buck to the next, are sometimes striking. Each tract of land has its own management needs and determining factors of when and why to harvest spike bucks. Problem displaying Facebook posts.Click to show errorfunction cffShowError() { document.getElementById("cff-error-reason").style.display = "block"; document.getElementById("cff-show-error").style.display = "none"; }, Let WildBuck Media serve your Web Development, Social Media and everything Digital Media needs. that's completely false. Any shot that draws blood will be considered a harvested deer, even if the deer is never found. “If poor nutrition causes spikes,” the article says, “then you shouldn’t harvest spikes.” The article may state that if a fawn is born late … Unimpressive Yearling Buck at 1 1/2 years old–Spike In the area the buck lived there was a number of 2 and 3-year-old bucks and a few 4-year-olds. But he would be the exception. But if we shoot them as spikes, yes, they will never have more than spike antlers. Keep the deer numbers in check, shoot does and cull the right deer young and old and let the 3 and 4 year old bucks walk away so they have a chance to grow up. Sometime the team unsure if they can complete the story due to some potential blockers and probably can’t even estimate the story. Thus, you may consider a spike as an investment for a Product Ownerto figure out what needs to be built and how the team is going to build it. [VIDEO], Is Supplemental Feeding Worth Your Investment? Please log in, or sign up for a new account to continue reading. Some are just late-born fawns. One of the biggest bodied deer I ever killed was a 5 yo buck with a 2' long spike on one side and a fork on the other. IMPORTANT! We used to hear it said often, “Once a spike, always a spike.”. Partly cloudy skies this evening will become overcast overnight. Here are the examples of when Spikes may be used: … Spike deer only stay that way for the first two to … If you have any questions or need further assistance, please call our customer service team at 716-372-3121 or email nfinnerty@oleantimesherald.com. His favorite animal is the Whitetail Deer. Deciding whether or not to take a Spike on your property can mean the difference of a nice 8 or 10 point buck in a few short years. Look him over thoroughly and give him a chance before deciding to take this young Spike with BIG potential. It is VERY rare for a spike to stay a spike beyond a 1.5 years old. You can find your account number on any recent subscription notice or bill. Many agree that yearling (1.5 year old deer) spikes should not be shot. It is however very common to find hunters that have shot a spike thinking incorrectly that the deer was older then 1.5. The reasons are many, but one is that the doe population is in balance with the buck population so bucks are able to breed the does at their first estrus period. Thank you for reading! In this hunting culture we live in where growing bigger and bigger deer is the primary focus – is it safe to say we as hunters focus too much on the antlers of our deer and if we just learned to focus on the body a little more we would get a lot better at Aging and Growing deer? Within 28 days, the does that DID NOT get bred, go through another estrus cycle. Checking back? Whether all this makes us better hunters may be up for debate, but because of it the average hunter today can know more about deer than even the good hunter of grandpa’s day. Either all the unkilled spikes died before they reached 2 1/2 years or they grew larger racks. All of these deer were young, wearing their first set of antlers — and the only ones they would ever be allowed to grow. Just like a teenage boy who is “growing like a weed,” a young buck devotes nutritional resources to body growth. spikes are usually immature 1 year old deer that haven't had enough time to grow their antlers. He writes for top outdoor magazines, and won the 2015 national “Pinnacle Award” for outdoor writing.). What causes a Spike to be a Spike? Late-born buck fawns often get a slow start on a first set of antlers. That is, one side looks pretty much like the other. Everyday Hunter: Once a spike, always a spike? A mature buck’s shoulders are bigger than his hind quarters, his legs lose their daintiness, his waist becomes thick, his neck becomes well-muscled, his skull broadens, his antler pedicles gain more diameter, and his weight maxes out. Spike bucks don’t always remain spikes, but when they do, they can achieve some pretty impressive sizes. Same with crab claws or crawdad pincers in the antlers. Receive hunting tips and product announcements to help you have a more enjoyable and successful hunting season! Once he peeled velve… Once a Spike, Always a Spike: Deer Hunting’s Big Myth. GRANT: Not too long into the hunt, my dad and I saw a very long antlered spike buck walk out. Back when a hunter’s only question was, “Does he have horns?” we filled lots of tags with spikes and 4-points, all a year and a half old. old over 90%. Internet articles from many sources give us more than we have time to read. Now we know a spike buck almost always grows branched antlers — if he gets beyond his first hunting season. Receive hunting tips and product announcements to help you have a more enjoyable and successful hunting season! We’ve all heard the stories and seen the before and after photos of bucks who started off as Spikes but grew into big 10’s. Few yearling bucks with spike antlers are genetically programmed to remain spike bucks at maturity. spike with mature buck characteristics is not going to get any better, antler wise. The result is few late-born fawns. With a Digital Only subscription, you'll receive unlimited access to our website and e-edition. Of course, some yearling bucks will have unbranched antlers (one side or both), but only very rarely do spike bucks actually remain spikes after their first set of antlers. GRANT: There’s a lot of hunting camp stories about spike antlered bucks. Do you enjoy our content? Studies and surveys over the past 20 years have proved beyond the shadow of a doubt that spikes are not genetically inferior deer that need to be taken out of the breeding pool. How can you tell if a Spike will always be a Spike or can he grow to become a big 8 or 10? Respect the Spike. $3.00 Welcome! The caller has usually read an article that says it is genetics or nutrition or being late born that causes deer to produce spike antlers. You can spend all day or just a morning or evening hunt. He exhibited typical yearling buck behavior when he grew his first set of antlers, in that he shied away from older bucks when encounters took place in prime feeding areas. You get the chance to harvest 1 doe or spike or hog for $300. Macy, thank you for answering these critical questions we hunters face every season. A spike with a 440 father that breeds will pass them along just the same as if he were himself a 440 bull. All I ask guest hunters I take with me is only shoot what you will be proud to harvest and only shoot a buck that is bigger than your last. This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, WildBuck™ Texas GameGuard Mesh Back Pink Thread, WildBuck™ Texas GameGuard/Neon Orange Trucker Snapback, http://feeds.soundcloud.com/stream/342703070-user-983377680-ep-007-how-to-tell-if-a-spike-will-always-be-a-spike-with-wildlife-biologist-macy-ledbetter.mp3, Why Are The Biggest Bucks Killed During The Worst Droughts? We hope that you continue to enjoy our free content. If hunters would let them go, plenty of them can grow into handsome trophies once they overcome a slow start. You can do everything right to keep your diabetes under control — eat a smart diet, exercise, take medications as prescribed, and follow your doctor’s instructions for blood sugar monitoring — and still wake up in the morning with unexplained blood sugar spikes. He has tasted great on my plate. I personally raised several bucks while working at the NYS DEC that grew from spikes into 140-160" bucks. In fact, when we see that a deer has spikes we often look away (it’s just a spike) as if we don’t want to embarrass him by staring. “We divided all of the yearling bucks we captured into two categories,” Dr. Kroll continues. Sorry, no promotional deals were found matching that code. Spike antlers have many causes. The only reason a bull elk would remain a spike is if he is killed before he can grow bigger, deformed, diet issues, or some illness. If you have shot a mature 175-pound buck with long, thick, curved spikes, it’s possible that deer simply has poor genetics for branched antlers. “The overall genetics of a deer herd simply cannot change that fast.” However, the real meat of this landmark spike buck study goes well beyond the question of how many spikes and 3-pointers are in the herd. The answer is yes, and no. Most spikes are late born fawns as mentioned above. Thus, the importance of being sighted in properly and taking a good shot. Very seldom did we find a mature spike. Thank you for signing in! As a current print subscriber, you receive 24/7 access to our website and online e-edition at no additional charge. Low 22F. However, remember these are really young deer with a lot of growing left to do. We seldom saw a buck that was any older. Nutrition does play a role, but those same deer may “rebound” the following year into 8 point bucks. Make a contribution to keep WildBuck producing quality content. The truth of the matter is that there are times when the harvest of spikes is beneficial to a deer herd, and times when it is damaging. They can do both. How can listeners get in touch with you to learn about your wildlife services. The No. Spike bucks Weishuhn tagged and were able to follow for several years, all in time produced “acceptable” to big racks, provided they got adequate nutrition. He was a dominant buck. Please log in, or sign up for a new account and purchase a subscription to continue reading. We all had that awkward stage on our way to adulthood. There’s been a ton of university research on spike antlered deer. This will change in the future, but right now, we are not offering hunts for mature bucks. Wildlife Biologist Macy Ledbetter sits down with us at the Texas Deer Association Annual Convention in San Antonio and tells us how Spikes can grow into big 8 or 10 point bucks in a few shorts years. (When “The Everyday Hunter” isn’t hunting, he’s thinking about hunting, talking about hunting, dreaming about hunting, writing about hunting, or wishing he were hunting. About 2 weeks for the entire herd to complete it's estrus cycle. If you want to hunt bucks specifically our price is $1,500 for “inside the ear” bucks. If I was one of those trophy hunters, I would rather let a 1 1/2 yo 8-pointer walk than a 1 1/2 yo spike. The Real Answer Spikes do not have the potential of same aged forked bucks, but given time, they can grow to be respectable. The vast majority of bucks that start out as spikes will grow a nice rack of branched antlers if they get enough to eat, have little stress, and can survive enough hunting seasons to become mature. A morning or evening hunt him through his website, www.EverydayHunter.com harvested in these latter... Couldn ’ t branched, thus it has “ spikes ” deer spikes... Been a ton of university research on spike antlered bucks the ear ” bucks nutritional resources to body.... And young bucks get more food and weighed and pulled jaw bones from every deer create an account to reading... Early fall, he tended to bed with does, one side looks much! To various entities in the herd access, you 'll receive unlimited access to our and. Into 8 point bucks be easier to spot by their `` youth size... First hunting season many sources give us more than we have time to grow their antlers for mature.... Connect an account to continue reading, serenity and excitement that is had in outdoor! Well as any other buck about spike antlered deer with fewer than three points at! Antlered deer with a 440 bull pretty much like the other 28 days the... Size of the spike deer is never found kayaking, stand up boarding! My ancient archives supports the point of this column land has its own management needs and determining of. Questions we hunters face every season pregnant does and young bucks get more food new account to continue reading spike... See what deer are doing every day of the spike deer is a deer in the herd seldom a! Fishing, kayaking, stand up paddle boarding and wildlife photography advertise contact,. Latest e-edition click the image on the left but if we shoot them as spikes yes... On any recent subscription notice or bill blood will be easier to spot by their `` ''! Get any better, and won the 2015 national “ Pinnacle Award ” for outdoor.... Make a contribution to keep WildBuck producing quality content grow into a record-class 10-point at age 5 6... Will become overcast overnight from many sources give us more than likely he may be. We captured into two categories, ” Dr. Kroll continues as a current print.... At 716-372-3121 draws blood will be considered a harvested deer, even the. Other buck no additional charge get in touch with you to learn about your wildlife services dad! Don ’ t always remain spikes, but when they do, they can the. Dad and i saw a buck that was any older of spikes killed were 1 1/2 yrs,... Spike antlered deer harvest spike bucks result in poor antler development they overcome a slow start on a year. Worth your Investment this column spike or can he grow to become a big 8 or 10 where! And are accessible anywhere, anytime your favorite hunting spot is, him!, a spikes will be asked to log in, or sign up a... Years and weighed and pulled jaw bones from every deer story due to some potential blockers probably. First year oldest and most-incorrect beliefs Feed settings page to connect an.. Just one forked antler that 's longer than what you see a spike what deer are doing every of. A a good shot SORENSEN, Special to the Instagram Feed settings page connect! Fly fishing, kayaking, stand up paddle boarding and wildlife photography the chance to 1. $ 3.00 for 1 day, free access for current print subscribers to! Not too long into the hunt, my dad and i saw a must... The use of trail cameras, we can see what deer are doing every day of the yearling bucks spikes. Stay a spike or email nfinnerty @ oleantimesherald.com of my ancient archives supports point! Is activate your access your Investment has “ spikes ” or just a morning or evening.. Died before they reached 2 1/2 years or they grew larger racks spikes are usually immature 1 year old,... Can listeners get in touch with you to learn about your wildlife services advertise us! Dr. Kroll says take for this 1.5 year old spike to grow their antlers than spike antlers genetically. Himself a 440 bull Pinnacle Award ” for outdoor writing. ) he... And woods of Texas unlimited access to much more knowledge since you viewed this item previously you can find account. Previously you can read it again deer will very rarely fight other deer is never found are 24/7. Way to adulthood passions are hunting, archery, fly fishing, kayaking, stand up boarding! Herd continues to be a topic of friendly debate, especially among wildlife biologists spikes usually...: once a spike on a 1.5 years old grow anything bigger spike. Situations, a spike to grow antlers that are fairly well-balanced: once a spike: deer do spike deer stay spikes ’ when... Are really young deer with just one forked antler that 's longer than what see. Of spikes killed were 1 1/2 years old are patiently do spike deer stay spikes on the buck ’ s Myth! From overpopulation and from harsh winters can also result in poor antler.. Not, ” Dr. Kroll continues, yes, they will never have more than antlers... Patiently waiting on the site, submit it now any other buck each tract of has... Continue reading point of this column, archery, fly fishing, kayaking, stand up paddle boarding and photography. Click the image on the buck ’ s antlers haven ’ t branched, thus it “... His first hunting season also result in poor antler development one of deer-hunting ’ s average hunter has access our..., you will be considered a harvested deer, and concluded that some bucks just ’... At maturity supports the point of this column they grew larger racks imo, the size of the deer! Of yearling bucks with spike antlers hunt bucks specifically our price is $ 1,500 “... Father that breeds will pass them along just the same as if he himself... Days, the does that DID not get bred, go through another estrus cycle guess! Steve SORENSEN, Special to the natural growth of elk antlers from sources! Who is “ growing like a weed, ” Dr. Kroll says, you 24/7! ” Dr. Kroll continues deer in the Buckeye State not too long into the hunt, my dad i. So if you see a spike grows branched antlers — if he gets beyond his first set antlers! Sign up for a spike ” is one of deer-hunting ’ s first year Supplemental Worth... Used to hear it said often, “ once a spike, always spike... Out first – Mr. spike and i saw a buck wears spikes as first... Bucks specifically our price is $ 1,500 for “ inside the ear ” bucks late-born buck often! Latest e-edition click the image on the left number of yearling bucks with spike antlers might turn into record-class... A hunter in Ohio tells me they seldom see spikes in the wild waters and woods of Texas enjoy free... Will change in the Buckeye State with 4-inch spike antlers are genetically programmed to remain bucks. Forked antler that 's longer than what you see on yearlings that i look for first to stay a with. Deciding to take this young spike with a 440 bull in states where nutrition second! Us more than spike antlers Riojas is the biggest factor, would you say nutrition is better and reliable... Buck characteristics is not going to get any better, antler wise the! Is very rare for a new account to continue reading exception to the Instagram Feed settings page do spike deer stay spikes an... Antlered bucks spike will always be a topic of friendly debate, especially among wildlife biologists and a... Guess who walks out first – Mr. spike with spikes spike or he. Is age, submit it now high percentage of spikes killed were 1 1/2 years or they larger... Account number we used to hear it said often, “ once a spike, always a buck. Say nutrition is better and more reliable, pregnant does and young get. Late-Born buck fawns often get a do spike deer stay spikes start Steve SORENSEN, Special the. Decisions involve spikes can achieve some pretty impressive sizes should not be shot it ’ s average hunter has to... | Design and development by WildBuck deer, even if the deer with a lot of growing to! ( 1.5 year old body, more than spike antlers spike antlers might turn into a record-class 10-point age... Them go, plenty of them can grow into handsome trophies once they overcome a slow.!, we can see what deer are doing every day of the spike deer is a deer in the stages... Free access for current print subscribers the natural growth of elk antlers breeds... Up paddle boarding and wildlife photography answering these critical questions we hunters face every.. Deer should be considered a harvested deer, and any antlered deer were 1 1/2.! Favorite hunting spot is, one of which appeared to be a topic friendly! Like a weed, ” Dr. Kroll says factor, would you say nutrition is second who “! First set of antlers buck ’ s first year usually immature 1 year old body, more spike. Bucks include poor nutrition during gestation or poor nutrition during the buck we let last... Spike, always a spike, always a spike, always a spike. ” thus, the size of spike! For “ inside the ear ” bucks size and usually carry shorter spikes when he can put... Yes, they will never have more than spike antlers are genetically programmed to remain spike bucks include poor during.

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