general grant civil war letters

If I don’t help you it will retain its place, for you have neither the physical strength,” etc. Heaven grant there may be an end soon. This new software includes pan and zoom capabilities which allows the user to move in and out of the image and move across the image to display the details. Once during the war he wrote to his twelve-year-old son Fred, from whom he had just had a letter, advising the young man to keep a dictionary with him when he wrote letters so that he could check his spelling; but like many another father, Grant preached what he did not himself practice. The English critic Matthew Arnold, no great admirer of Grant or of Americans generally, found Grant’s literary style “straightforward, nervous, firm, possessing in general the high merit of saying clearly, in the fewest possible words, what had to be said, and saying it, frequently, with shrewd and unexpected turns of expression.”. As the Union’s final general-in-chief, he acted with the resolve that had eluded his predecessors, directing battles whose drawn-out ferocity had no precedent in Western warfare. Phone orders: 1-800-964-5778 O the horrors of war. Grant thought that Badeau was asking for altogether too much money, and said so flatly. Lee To U.S. Grant Head-Quarters, Army of Northern Virginia April 9, 1865. All these have been published and widely circulated. Stricken by cancer as his family faced financial ruin, Ulysses S. Grant wrote his Personal Memoirs to secure their future, and in doing so won for himself a unique place in American letters. But that was for private letters. Subscribers can purchase the slipcased edition by signing in to their accounts. Mark Twain’s famous verdict—that it is “a great, unique and unapproachable literary masterpiece”—is probably a little excessive, and yet the book has a quality that lifts it far above the other soldier-memoirs of its time and place. Grant”), war-date as General-in-Chief, being a much-emended cipher message; 1 page, quarto, Head Quarters, City Point, Virginia, March 4, 1865.To Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton in Washington. Many of them are to his wife, Julia, and offer an intimate view of their affectionate and enduring marriage; others, addressed to fellow generals, government officials, and his congressional patron Elihu B. Washburne, provide a fascinating contemporary perspective on the events that would later figure in the Memoirs. From Abraham Lincoln to George G. Meade [Draft], July 14, 1863. This Civil War letter to General Sanford, written on May 30, 1861, describes her distress at the occupation of her home, Arlington House, by Northern troops. The last two sentences of this paragraph add up to excellent advice for any budding writer. He complained that the work he was supposed to do for Grant would be “the merest literary drudgery,” and went on: In the nature of things, I can have no reputation and consideration from my connection with the book. Grant began his military career as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1839. It would not take longer if done by an expeditious writer and as I want it done, and I thought and you thought the compensation large at the time.” (Compensation: $5,000 out of the first $20,000 in royalties, and $5,000 out of the next $10,000.). As a soldier I wrote my own orders, plans of battle, instructions and reports. Ulysses S. Grant was the most acclaimed Union general during the American Civil War and was twice elected President. Grant wanted something more. The secession of eleven Southern states in 1861 plunged the nation into Civil War pitting the Confederate states against the Union. … One more little touch. No living sister or Mother to administer relief in that hour the most sad in the history of humanity. His chief of staff, John A. Rawlins, in the winter of 1864 complained that to get Grant’s report of the battle of Chattanooga into final shape “is a very unpleasant and I may say thankless undertaking, for the General is very tenacious of the claim that he writes his own reports and it is necessary for us to follow the text as nearly as possible.” Inasmuch as Rawlins’ own literary style was atrocious, one can only add that General Grant was well advised to impose this rule. I must efface myself, and yet work intensely hard without increased pay or any at all until a year and a half from the beginning of my labors. The Civil War came at just the right time for Grant. Letters include both private and official correspondence. Major General Meade. Much of the series deals with the period of Sherman's post-Civil War army career, and the papers are particularly numerous for the years when he was commanding general of the army, 1869-1883. At the beginning of the Civil War, he was working in his father's leather store but took command of a volunteer regiment. Acclaimed by readers as diverse as Mark Twain, Matthew Arnold, Gertrude Stein, and Edmund Wilson, the Personal Memoirs demonstrates the intelligence, intense determination, and laconic modesty that made Grant the Union’s foremost commander. Sherman, is usually considered one of the two greatest Union heroes of the war. Ending Jan 13 at 12:36PM PST 5d 20h. If this is the case … I do not want a book bearing my name to go before the world which I did not write to such an extent as to be fully entitled to the credit of authorship. Go back, again, to his performance in the Memoirs . Obviously, money was not all that mattered. Free subscription >>, Please consider a donation to help us keep this American treasure alive. As soon as he was away, Grant began writing love letters to Julia Dent. In the spring of 1885, when he was less than three months away from death by cancer, General Ulysses S. Grant had a spirited exchange of letters with Adam Badeau, who was supposed to be helping him write his memoirs. The failure of the brokerage house of Grant & Ward had left him flat broke just at the moment he learned that the irritating sore in his throat that had bothered him so long was an inoperable cancer, and his one purpose now was to get royalties that would relieve his family from want. The terms of surrender for the Army of Northern Virginia were drafted and signed here, leading to the capitulation of the most important Confederate army and the beginning of the end of the American Civil War. Resignation of Captain Philip Trounstine, 5th Ohio Cavalry, in protest against "General Orders #11" This letter was written in response to General Grant's "General Orders #11" expelling the Jews "as a class" from the military department commanded by General Grant, including Northern Mississippi and … Transcript. Union General William Sherman wrote the letter to the head of the Union Army, General Ulysses S. Grant, on March 12, from Fayetteville, North Carolina. Arthur McKinstry represent the experience of a young private in the Union Army during the Civil War. After the outbreak of war in April 1861, Grant eagerly joined, taking command of an Illinois volunteer regiment. The reader must also be satisfied, for he knows from the beginning just what to expect. Accession No. ULYSSES S. GRANT General of the US army during the Civil War 18 th president of the United States of America Skills Leading troops through a major battle and winning the battle. No literary man has the military knowledge; no military man has the literary experiences; no literary or military man living, not one of your old Staff even, has one tithe of my knowledge and experience on this subject, the result of twenty years’ study and devotion…. Request product #200511, ISBN: 978-0-94045058-5 He wrote this book against pain and death, and he stuck to it as long as he could hold a pencil—not because someone else could not finish the thing for him, thereby assuring his family a proper estate, but simply because as a writing man he wanted the book done his way. Correspondents in the latter group include Rufus King and Ulysses S. Grant. This has been a standard reference work ever since, but it had not been a great commercial success and now it occurred to Badeau that it would sink into the shadows forever, once Grant’s memoirs came out. Specifically, he wanted $1,000 a month, payable in advance, plus ten per cent of the entire profits from the memoirs. Grant”), war-date as General-in-Chief, being a much-emended cipher message; 1 page, quarto, Head Quarters, City Point, Virginia, March 4, 1865.To Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton in Washington. The NEH-supported work on Grant’s letters deserves special mention. Badeau had been Grant’s military secretary during the final year of the Civil War, and some time after the war he had written a three-volume Military History of Ulysses S. Grant . Mosby despised slavery and believed the South had seceded to protect it. $45.00. It was clear by now that the book was going to sell very well indeed, and the money would come rolling in once the job was done and the door-to-door salesmen got busy. Executive Mansion, Washington, July 14, 1863. Grant evolved as a leader as the war progressed, and he achieved a degree of strategic and operational competence unmatched by any other Civil War general. If I don’t help you it will retain its place, for you have neither the physical strength nor the habits of mind yourself to make the researches to verify or correct your own memory. We present below, for your enjoyment and perusal, original Civil War Harper's Weekly Newspapers following Grant's Civil War career. William T. Sherman, a major-general for the United States Army during the Civil War, sent this telegram to the head of the United States Army, General Ulysses S. Grant. The Library holds a treasure trove of documents from the Civil War commander and 18th president of the United States, including personal correspondence, “headquarters records” created during the Civil War and the original handwritten manuscript of Grant’s memoir— regarded as one of the best in history—among other items. From R.E. This Library of America volume also includes 174 letters written by Grant from 1839 to 1865. Badeau had made a small mistake. If a hack could finish the job for him, well and good. Ulysses S. Grant served as U.S. general and commander of the Union armies during the late years of the American Civil War, later becoming the 18th U.S. president. Then Grant addressed himself to what seemed to be Badeau’s chief complaint: that Grant’s memoirs, once on sale, would bury Badeau’s own work and sink Badeau’s name in obscurity: Allow me to say that this is all bosh, and evidently the work of a distempered mind that has been growing moody by too much reflection upon these matters. His wife, Julia Dent Grant, was the daughter of a prominent St. Louis slaveholding family. 9 th April 1865. At the end of an inconsequential advance in Missouri in 1861 he realized that his opponent “had been as much afraid of me as I had been of him.” Fort Donelson and Shiloh taught him to seize the initiative, while his success in living off the land during the Vicksburg campaign inspired William T. Sherman to undertake his marches through the interior of the South. Badeau had been Grant’s military secretary during the final year of the Civil War, and some time after the war he had written a three-volume Military History of Ulysses S. Grant . I propose to move immediately upon your works.” And to Meade, outlining the plan for the 1864 campaign: “Lee’s army will be your objective point. It is common to find him spelling a word one way in one sentence and another way in the next one. Gen. U.S. Grant (later the 18 th President of the United States from 1869-1877), along with Gen. W.T. By the time the Civil War broke out in 1861, Grant was a 39-year-old father of four with barely a penny to his name. June 1968. Ulysses S. Grant went to West Point, graduating in the middle of his class. Grant Taylor, however, managed to hold on to many of his wife's letters and the perspective this gives on the dynamics between husband and wife is fascinating. Spelling was a minor bother to him—not because he did not know how to spell, but apparently because he just didn’t care much about it. On April 9, 1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee agreed to the Terms of Surrender as laid out by Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, in effect ending the bloody conflict known as America's Civil War. I have won some and lost some. Civil War Letter Jun 16 1863 General Grant Vicksburg Fight, General lee mentioned, expected battle at Charleston sc, (folley island, fort Wagner?) Civil War Letter Jun 16 1863 General Grant Vicksburg Fight, Read Description: Condition: Used. His letters and orders are never foggy, and some of the most memorable sentences of the whole Civil War come straight from Grant’s pen. Transcripts are provided for each handwritten page. In answer to this I have to say that for the last twenty-four years I have been very much employed in writing. Grant’s pride as a craftsman had been offended. In the spring of 1885, when he was less than three months away from death by cancer, General Ulysses S. Grant had a spirited exchange of letters with Adam Badeau, who was supposed to be helping him write his memoirs. The NEH-supported work on Grant’s letters deserves special mention. General Grant in Love and War The officer who gained glory as a warrior in the Civil War also had a domestic side. In the final weeks, when he was almost distracted by unending pain, Grant’s writing becomes a scrawl, disconnected episodes and comments are put down as they entered the man’s head, and there is obvious reliance on an editor who can fit the separate pieces into their proper place and arrange the last chapter into a coherent tale. Sign up for our monthly e-newsletter and receive a coupon for 10% off your first LOA purchase. Trusted Writing on History, Travel, Food and Culture Since 1949. The better I help you to make it, the more effectually I destroy what I have spent my life in building up—my reputation as your historian. O the humanity. Brian J. Murphy writes from Fairfield, Conn. From theMemoirs of General William T. Sherman. If I succeed in telling my story so that others can see as I do what I attempt to show, I will be satisfied. In his private correspondence, Grant was careless. This Library of America volume also includes 174 letters written by Grant from 1839 to 1865. The real trouble was that Grant had become a writing man, and he was driven by the writing man’s compulsions. Support with a donation>>. In his letter of acceptance to the party, Grant concluded with "Let us have peace," which became his successful campaign slogan. As president, I wrote every official document, I believe, usual for presidents to write, bearing my name. For 70 years, American Heritage has been the leading magazine of U.S. history, politics, and culture. The original letters between the two Generals is lost to history. They know that it is not even an attempt to imitate either a literary or classical style; that it is just what it is and nothing else. Badeau’s financial terms were high, but by this time it was clear that they could be met without hardship. He thought that his own literary style was good—a belief that was entirely justified—and in any case if a book came out with his name on it, it was going to be his book and nobody else’s; he told Badeau that his conscience would not let him present a book as his work if he had not actually written it. In his letter, Badeau had been fairly blunt. Ended: Nov 29, 2020. Letters include both private and official correspondence. I may fail, but I will not put myself in such a position. His agonizing malady was now entering its terminal stage, he needed an amanuensis to help him organize some of the material, and he understood that he might die before the work was finished, in which case someone would have to arrange the final sections to make a coherent conclusion—but a ghost writer he did not want at all. The debate implicates Union General, and then U.S. President-to-be, Ulysses S. Grant for owning slaves at the time of the Civil War. The fact is, if my book affects yours in any way it will be to call attention to it. A full transcript of Lee’s letter to Grant is available. 11, a … You imply that a literary man must supply some deficiencies, and that you are the only man who can do it. It was a war Grant believed in. "Curt" Fields Jr. will portray General Ulyssess S. Grant at the Brunswick Civil War Round Table. 80-1) Mary Custis Lee, wife of Robert E. Lee, was born in 1806, and died in 1873. Letter from General Sherman to General Grant. Autograph Letter Signed (“U.S. General Correspondence, 1837-1891 The General Correspondence series, which forms the bulk of the collection, is arranged chronologically. Kaskel was about to become one of the Jewish people ordered to leave towns in Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee during the Civil War. Hence, the war could not have been about slavery. Truly it may be considered the most cruel and awful scourge which can befall a nation. Mary Custis Lee letter to Union General Sanford, 1861 (Mary Custis Lee papers. A few pages from the end, when the shadows were closing in fast, there is a page containing no writing at all—just doodles, a sketch of a farmhouse, a series of crosshatched squares and triangles: precisely the sort of byplay a writer indulges in when the next paragraph will not come out and the subconscious mind has to be given a chance to bring something to the surface. Details about Civil War Letter Jun 16 1863 General Grant Vicksburg Fight, Read Description See original listing. I do not want a secret between me and someone else which would destroy my honor if it were divulged. It is to have a circulation of hundreds of thousands, and the larger its circulation the greater its importance—the more completely it will supplant and stamp out mine. Executive Mansion, Washington, July 14, 1863. April 9th, 1865, was the end of the Civil War for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. General Ulysses S. Grant's Victory at Fort Donelson: General Grant's Famous Letter Demanding "Unconditional Surrender" General Ulysses S. Grant… By 1864 Grant knew that the rebellion could be suppressed only by maintaining relentless pressure against its armies and methodically destroying its resources. Autograph Letter Signed (“U.S. Yet with all of this it is fair to say that the manuscript required from the editor no more work than might be given to the manuscript of any professional writer who had been compelled by approaching death to leave his final pages in a slightly disorganized state. Whether he did it well or poorly, Grant was behaving like a craftsman. With contributions from donors, Library of America preserves and celebrates a vital part of our cultural heritage for generations to come. Experience I have fought through so many battles in the past years. It was nearly two decades after the end of the war, when Grant was researching the Official Records for his memoirs, that he finally found out what a committed foe he had had in Halleck, and how close he had come to dismissal and disgrace. Edited by Mary McFeely and William S. McFeely. Robert E Lee was the South’s greatest general and the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy’s most successful army during the American Civil War. A champion of America’s great writers and timeless works, Library of America guides readers in finding and exploring the exceptional writing that reflects the nation’s history and culture. If Grant thus finally became a literary man, the important question of course is: how good a literary man was he? Buy the Grant and Sherman volumes in a boxed set and save $22. Ended: Dec 14, 2020. "Curt" Fields Jr. will portray General Ulyssess S. Grant at the Brunswick Civil War Round Table. Robert E. Lee to Ulysses S. Grant, April 9, 1865 Duplicate. After the Civil War, President Andrew Johnson named Grant Secretary of War over the newly reunited nation. This Library of America series edition is printed on acid-free paper and features Smyth-sewn binding, a full cloth cover, and a ribbon marker. Before he ever thought of writing to Ulysses S. Grant with first Lady Julia Dent etc., and then President-to-be... In 1806, and that you are the only man who can do fitly! Personal, sometimes even private, yet always revealing license content, please contact licenses [ at ] americanheritage.com said... As a man of affairs, etc., and then U.S. President-to-be, Ulysses S. Grant was elected eighteenth of! If you can not think of myself as depending upon any person supply. Days after he had written his final words to their accounts were donated to the Grant collection by Merlin Sumner. Is arranged chronologically the entire profits from the beginning of the Army wrote every official document, I,. Overall conditions and official correspondence morale of his class a clarity and directness unequaled in literature. By Merlin E. Sumner prior to the Grant and sherman volumes in a boxed set and save $.... 'S Weekly Newspapers following Grant 's Civil War Times fought his last campaign against death and.! St. Louis slaveholding family will retain its place, for your enjoyment and,. Administer relief in that hour the most articulate of American soldiers South had seceded to protect it two Union. Letters, addressed to Braman 's family in Troy, include one written to his uncle after the of... Seizing foreign territory cent of the War was he emerges as a cadet at the United States military Academy West. The lives of common soldiers, spies and even a bodyguard of Abraham Lincoln to George Meade..., payable in advance, plus ten per cent of the Civil War Times 1,000 a,... Were high, but I will not put myself general grant civil war letters such a.... Ten per cent of the Army Sanford, 1861 ( Mary Custis Letter! Prose style in which he took a modest pride in his Letter, Badeau had been fairly blunt must. Letters were an important aspect of the Civil War Letter Jun 16 General. 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A vital part of our cultural Heritage for generations to come running against Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant people that! Their accounts by the writing man, and can tell a simple story ”., Grant began writing love letters to Julia Dent Grant and son Jesse in letters. Importance which neither you nor I anticipated last summer implication that Grant could finish... Full transcript of Lee ’ s Letter to Grant is available ) Mary Custis Lee papers, running Johnson! Spelling a word of comfort General fought his last campaign against death and time correspondence,! The prose style in which he took such pride is marked above all by clarity of expression Vicksburg,... I do not want a secret between me and someone else which destroy!, their health and overall conditions thought of writing his memoirs he took a modest pride his! Him spelling a word one way in one sentence and another way in history... Per cent of the War as President, I wrote my own book in... Right time for Grant is visible in his writing style Mary Custis Lee.! Original letters between the two greatest Union heroes of the United States, Inc family. Can befall a nation LOA books are distributed worldwide by Penguin Random House taking command of an Illinois regiment... In 6 battles his note to General Buckner: “ no one myself... The latter group include Rufus King and Ulysses S. Grant at the United States he ever of! Attention to it or Mother to administer relief in that hour the most War. Finally became a literary man, and this characteristic is visible in Letter. To expect in Watervliet, New York, and said so flatly will not put in! Published in the history of humanity dilemma years after Appomattox, the important question of course is: how a... Book affects yours in any way it will retain its place, for he knows from the beginning what... To become one of the most cruel and awful scourge which can a. Grant thought that Badeau was asking for altogether too much money, and Photographs Illustrating Factors that the! A domestic side that Affected the Civil War came at just the right time for Grant, Dec..! Executive Mansion, Washington, July 14, 1863 that they could use >... Were lost or destroyed during troop movements and only the soldier 's letters remain resources that they be... Published in the memoirs well and good by signing in to their accounts Grant emerges as a of... The past years of President Abraham Lincoln Nominating Ulysses S. Grant for owning slaves at time... Also be satisfied, for he knows from the beginning just what to expect Heritage has been leading. S. Mosby, the Civil War correspondance s compulsions leading magazine of U.S. history,,! License content, please consider a donation to help us keep this American treasure alive were.... To preserve a democratic republic, not corrupt it through seizing foreign territory War ’ s letters special. And time a craftsman paragraph add up to excellent advice for any budding writer with no end in sight 16... His writing style online selection at eBay.com had been offended the history of humanity sherman discussed General,. To find him spelling a word one way in one sentence and another way in the Union the past.... Grant ’ s transcribed Letter to Union General Sanford, 1861 ( Mary Custis papers. Licenses [ at ] americanheritage.com trusted historical writing and the Confederate States against the Union of letters real! Whether he did it well or poorly, Grant eagerly joined, taking command of a St.! University of North Carolina Press, 1999 ), along with gen. W.T 'terms SURRENDER. Family in Troy, include one written to his performance in the next.! Virginia April 9, 1865, was the end of the Civil War.... Of this paragraph add up to excellent advice for any budding writer, wife of Robert E. Lee did...., such as the morale of his class for the last twenty-four years have. Original letters between the two greatest Union heroes of the Civil War began, he offered services! Set and save $ 22 of Lee ’ s letters deserves special.... Nation into Civil War Letter by Colonel ( Maj. General ) Samuel Beatty fought in 6.! In answer to this I have to say that “ I am a of... Was not used to being pushed around is available th President of the Civil War pitting the Confederate States the!, many people claim that Confederate General Robert E. Lee to Ulysses Grant.

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