history of sweet sorghum

Indian J Agric Sci 81:438–444, Srinivasa Rao P, Jayalakshmi M, Kumar CG, Kamal A, Reddy BVS (2011b) Response of fertilizer treatment on agronomic and biochemical traits in main and ratoon crops of sweet sorghum (. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is considered as a SMART new generation energy crop as it can accumulate sugars in its stalks similar to sugarcane, but without food¬¬-fuel trade-offs and can be cultivated in almost all temperate and tropical climatic conditions and has many other advantages. As a result, two sweet sorghum hybrids, Liaosiza No.1 and Liaosiza No.2, were developed and released during 1989 and 1995, respectively… Genotyping of 175 Ethiopian sweet sorghum genotypes alongside 27 improved accessions from eastern and southern Africa was undertaken. %>. Longman Scientific and Technical, London, Duvall MR, Doebley JF (1990) Restriction site variation in the chloroplast genome of. Sorghum is a strong grass and usually grows to a height of 0.6 to 2.4 metres (2 to 8 feet), sometimes reaching as high as 4.6 metres (15 feet). Once harvested, sweet sorghum stalks are run through a roller mill, resulting in extracted juice. After flowering, the grain begins to form. The name "sweet sorghum" is used to identify varieties of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, that are sweet and juicy. The crop then spread to India and China and … Abstract. With the introduction of improved sweet sorghum varieties such as Rio, Roma, Ramada, and Wray from several countries, a systematic sweet sorghum breeding program was initiated in LAAS in 1985. Sweet Sorghums appeared to have invited the attention of early plant domesticators and taxonomists thanks to their sweet stalk plants resembling small sugar canes with loose panicles under Milium indicum sacchariferum, and their origin is thought to be from Anadabad (presently Ahmadabad) in Gujarat, India. Ronni Lundy Sets Us Straight on Sorghum . industry = 'Industries'; The breeding efforts in Brazil, USA and China on this crop are briefly narrated. ICRISAT, Patancheru, p 238, Kumar CG, Fatima A, Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Rathore A, Rao RN, Khalid S, Ashok Kumar A, Kamal A (2010) Characterization of improved sweet sorghum genotypes for biochemical parameters, sugar yield and its attributes at different phenological stages. S. bicolor is typically an … Today, thanks to American farmers, sorghum can be enjoyed in your favorite foods. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. Forage Research in Texas. The ongoing R&D efforts at ICRISAT as well as in National Agricultural Research System (NARS) on sweet sorghum value chain were highlighted. This thirty year old picture of "pioneer days" shows an old molasses operation. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville. Hence, many consider it as climate change ready crop; some consider it as miracle crop and few term it as a smart crop. These were placed in a grinder/press and the juices exuded. Sugar concentration is measured in Brix. The earliest known records of sorghum were found at an archaeological dig in northeastern Africa near the Egyptian-Sudanese border and date back to 8000 B.C. Sweet sorghum is predominantly grown for sorghum syrup. Based on the findings of the screening assessment and the qualitative evaluation, recommendations regarding the need for further research as well as … All online purchases are made through PayPal. Due to the relatively short history of sweet sorghum breeding, we consider the development of ideotypes adapting to various phenological requirements to maximize the rapid deployment of sweet sorghum for biofuel production. Not logged in By the late 1880s the annual production peaked to about 30 million gallons. The commercial technology required to ferment sweet sorghum biomass into alcohol has been perfected in Brazil. You are now exiting the Sorghum Checkoff website to a third-party website. Systematic introductions of grain sorghum types from Africa and breeding commenced in the United States in the 1870s. Unlike grain sorghum, sweet sorghum is harvested for the stalks rather than the grain and is crushed like sugarcane or beets to produce a syrup. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. On May 8, 2018. … A printed version is available for $18.00, including shipping and handling (U.S. addresses only). HISTORY OF SORGHUM IMPROVEMENT using crosses between local varieties or local exotic for variety production; and (3) exploitation of heterosis through the development of single-cross hybrids from inbred parents (Yang, 1997). Afr J Agric Res 4:772–780, Audilakshmi S, Aruna C, Garud TB, Nayakar NY, Atale SB, Veerabadhiran P, Dayakar B Rao, Ratnavathi CV, Indira S (2005) A technique to enhance the quality and market value of rainy season sorghum grain. The juice is then filtered and placed into a settling tank where specific retention times are required to remove impurities before being transferred into an evaporator. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Crop Sci 12:172–176, House LR (1980) A guide to sorghum breeding. FAO Food and Nutrition Series, No. Vinall HN, Stephens JC, Martin JH (1936) Identification, history, and distribution of common sorghum varieties. Garber ED (1950) Cytotaxonomic studies in the genus, Girase JR (2010) Evaluation of the economic feasibility of grain sorghum, sweet sorghum, and switch grass as alternative feedstocks for ethanol production in the Texas panhandle. From there, sorghum made its way to India and China before … The crop prefers warm moist soil for germination and emergence. if(categories[f]) Technical Bulletin No. Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Blümmel M, Subbarao GV, Chandraraj K, Sanjana Reddy P, Parathasarathy Rao P (2010) Sweet sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: can there be food-feed-fuel trade-offs? One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Sorghum originated in Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. Sweet sorghum was once the predominate table sweetener in the U.S. First brought here by African slaves, sorghum cane thrived in hot, arid conditions and was soon grown by farmers in the Carolinas and as far west as Texas and far north as Iowa. The history of sorghum cultivation in the United States has been documented in some detail (Ball, 1910, Doggett, 1988, Wayne Smith and Frederiksen, 2000). Heterosis breeding has been the main method of … In 1850, the average American had access to sugar cane syrup or molasses. The candidate feedstock characteristic traits of sweet sorghum vis-a-vis other major biofuel feedstocks like sugarcane, corn and sugar beet were compared. A quantitative insight into the production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum biofuel feedstock production systems has been discussed. Sejarah; Struktur Organisasi; Visi dan Misi; Jaringan Kerjasama; Renstra Fakultas Pertanian; Data Dosen. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, p 352, Purseglove JW (1972) Tropical crops: monocotyledons, vol 1. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. Surprisingly, the sweet sorghum varieties M-81E, NS-105, Dale, and Topper 76-6 had equally low estimated sugar yields, which can be largely attributed to their low … Crop Prot 24:251–258, Cosentino SL, Mantineo M, Testa G (2012) Water and nitrogen balance of sweet sorghum (, de Wet JMJ (1978) Systematics and evolution of, de Wet JMJ, Harlan JR (1971) The origin and domestication of, Doggett H (1988) Sorghum. Int Sorghum Millets Newsl 46:79–86, Sanderson MA, Jones RM, Ward J, Wolfe R (1992) Silage sorghum performance trial at Stephen-ville. The earliest known record of sorghum comes from an archeological dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C. In the U.S., the first known record of sorghum comes from Ben Franklin who wrote about its application in producing brooms in 1757. Sorghum grain or sweet sorghum biomass is used for ethanol production. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. SS was introduced into U.S.A. probably from China in the 1850s and for the next three decades it was extensively cultivated for syrup production. Sorghum is considered an ancient grain. FAO (1995) Sorghum and millets in human nutrition. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars Report PR-5018. Sweet sorghum is a grass of Old World origin. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The Sorghum Checkoff is not responsible for the quality, accuracy or nature of the third-party link. Data Dosen Program Studi Agribisnis Over the centuries, sorghum has planted its roots in many U.S. states, and crossbreeding has created many of the commonly consumed varieties. 54.148.32.149. The History of Sorghum. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security.This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available … Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet. Mohrenhirse (Sorghum bicolor), auch Sorgho, Dari, Durrakorn (nach arabisch ذرة dhura), Besenkorn, Guineakorn, Shallu, Milo oder Jowar genannt, ist die wichtigste Hirse-Art aus der Gattung Sorghum innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). 77. industry_list = industry_list.slice(0,-2); Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security. } } … FAO Corporate Document Repository. }); It is a native of Africa, a drought- … Hybrid sorghums were first … It’s that history, its strong ties to the American South and balanced, umami-rich sweetness that has chefs returning to sorghum, using it as a key ingredient in everything from cocktails to foie gras. J Agric Res 75:295–300, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Ashok Kumar A, Wani SP, Ortiz R, Ceballos H, Sreedevi TK (2008) Bio-fuel crops research for energy security and rural development in developing countries. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a C4 crop in the grass family, and is characterized by a high photosynthetic efficiency. ISBN 978-92-9066-518-2. Hence, many consider it as climate change ready crop; some consider it as miracle crop and few term it as a smart crop. Sweet sorghum Last updated September 25, 2019 A jar of sweet sorghum syrup. Texas Agricultural Experimental Station, Stephenville, USA, Srinivasa Rao P, Rao SS, Seetharama N, Umakanth AV, Sanjana Reddy P, Reddy BVS, Gowda CLL (2009) Sweet sorghum for biofuel and strategies for its improvement. _.each(e.categories, function(f,j,k){ Home; Profil. Ronni Lundy has written a book called Sorghum’s Savor, which brings us the history of this classic southern US sweetener, along with recipes both savory and dessert focused. The sweet sorghum varieties NS-109 and NS-106, forage sorghum SS405, and biomass sorghum NS-201, NS-203, and NS-205 had estimated fermentable sugar yields that matched those recorded for the sweet sorghum NS-110. The flag leaf is the last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum head will emerge in 7-10 days. Sweet Sorghum is compared to other crops available for biofuel production regarding selected technical aspects. Sweet sorghum is a high biomass and sugar yielding crop. Following planting, sorghum seeds grow into plants 3-5 feet tall with 15-18 leaves. Longman Group Limited, London, p 334, Quinby JR, Karper RE (1947) The effect of short photoperiod on sorghum varieties and first generation hybrids. From July to late October, sweet sorghum harvest is critically timed around sugar concentration in the juice of the stalk, which occurs when it is at its highest point. The name "sorghum" comes from Italian "sorgo", in turn from Latin "Syricum (granum)" meaning "grain of Syria". The history of sorghum, an Old World grass, is intertwined with war, independence and poverty. Sugar Tech 12:322–328, Lazarides M, Hacker JB, Andrew MH (1991) Taxonomy, cytology and ecology of indigenous Australian Sorghums (, Maiti R (1996) Sorghum science. History of Sweet Sorghum. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru. Sorghum is planted between February and July, depending on the location of the farm. Despite the antiquity of sorghum, it arrived late to the Near East. Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C 4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Sweet sorghum is grown similarly to grain sorghum with the main differences being that it grows 7-10 feet tall and is harvested mostly for syrup. Germplasm resources information network (GRIN) [online database]. Sweet Sorghum: Production and Processing is available as a downloadable PDF for $10.00. Cite as. Sweet sorghum is an important crop which is produced for food, energy and feed (Almodares and Hadi, 2009). Sweet Sorghum History: To start the sweet sorghum story, and for it to make any sense at all, we have to turn back the sweet time machine 160 years. MS thesis, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas, USA, p 101, Gnansounou E, Dauriat A, Wyman CE (2005) Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China. 27, ISBN 92-5-103381-1. Yields of alcohol (182 ° proof) per tonne of sorghum grain are comparable with maize (387 vs 372 l). Feed Tech 5:20–23, Characterization of Improved Sweet Sorghum Cultivars, http://www.fao.org/docrep/T0818e/T0818E00.htm#Contents, http://www.wgcrop.icidonline.org/sweet%20sorghumdec09.pdf, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-0783-2_1. The origin and early domestication of sorghum took place in northeastern Africa. History of sweet sorghum syrup R&D United States of America (U.S.A.) was the pioneer in producing syrup from SS. industry_list += categories[f].category_name + ", "; 4.2. The plant grows to a height of from about 120 to more than 400 cm with a sugar content of 16–23% BX, depending on the varieties and growth. Agron J 102:319–326, Ziggers D (2006) Sorghum—the multipurposes grass. There has been much media recently on alternative sweeteners and there is a lot of confusion about what sorghum syrup is, and we thought who better to set us straight. In China, sweet sorghum is primarily used for silage preparation. From July to late October, sorghum grain is harvested using a combine that separates the grain from the plant. It was unknown in the Mediterranean area into Roman times. Both sweet-stalked sorghums and grain sorghums were being cultivated in the 19th century. Click cancel to return to SimplySorghum.com. Only the super rich could afford white refined sugar. 506, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Wortmann CS, Liska AJ, Ferguson RB, Lyon DJ, Klein RM, Dweikat I (2010) Dryland performance of sweet sorghum and grain crops for biofuel. USDA, ARS (2006) National genetic resources program. Sorghum grows well even in arid climates, which is probably why it spread across Africa. Media in category "Sweet sorghum" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. RSS Feeds. The latter is especially true in the more drought prone areas of South Africa where this hardy crop provides better household food security than maize. Chapter 1: Introduction. One tonne of sweet sorghum biomass has the potential to yield 74 l of 200 ° proof alcohol. Molasses of old in the US was produced from sorghum [sweet sorghum: Gramineae Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] [emphasis added]. As the grain matures, it transforms from a soft grain with a light green color to a hard grain with its final color, which can be white, tan, bronze or red. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. Researchers believe the domestication of sorghum started in the Sudan … Introduction. Srinivasa Rao P, Sanjana Reddy P, Rathore A, Reddy BVS, Panwar S (2011a) Application of GGE biplot and AMMI model to evaluate sweet sorghum hybrids for genotype × environment interaction and seasonal adaptation. pp 1-15 | 4201 N. Interstate 27Lubbock, TX 79403Phone: (806) 687-8727Toll Free: (877) 643-USCPinfo@sorghumcheckoff.com. 1){ In the early seventeenth century, sweet sorghum was introduced into America as an alternative to sugar cane in the upper South and Midwest. One-degree Brix is equal to 1 gram of sugar in 100 grams of juice. sweet sorghum as potential energy crop for bio-ethanol production. A United States patent offi- cer introduced sweet sorghum to American in 1853. The crop then spread to India and China and eventually worked its way into Australia. When I attended the production of molasses at this open-house, the producers went out to the field and brought in the sorghum stalks. This is a preview of subscription content, Almodares A, Hadi MR (2009) Production of bio-ethanol from sweet sorghum: a review. Not affiliated Once the sorghum head has formed, it begins flowering at the top of the head downward in a 3-7 day period. This link should not be considered an endorsement by the Sorghum Checkoff. Bioresour Technol 96:985–1002, Harlan JR, de Wet JMJ (1972) A simplified classification of cultivated sorghums. Sorghum [ Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. Sweet sorghum is generally harvested either by a cane harvester or by hand. Tenth century records indicate it was widely grown in Iraq, and became the principal food of Kirman in Persia. It is a multipurpose crop, yielding food in the form of grain and fuel in the form of ethanol from its stem juice. Anthracnose on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 58 KB. Acervuli of Colletotrichum sublineolum on Sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540; 42 KB. Part of Springer Nature. Information Bulletin No. Bioenergy Res 1:248–258, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Sanjana P Reddy, Ramaiah B, Salimath PM, Kachapur R (2005) Sweet sorghum—a potential alternative raw material for bioethanol and bio-energy. Sorghum is the world's fifth-most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize, and barley, with 59.34 million metric tons of annual global production in 2018. This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available in major sorghum regions of the world. Upon removal of excess water in the evaporator, sugars are then concentrated and the sorghum syrup is formed. 80 pages. , accuracy or nature of the head downward in a 3-7 day period Poaceae, is. This open-house, the first known record of sorghum started in the United in! Crossbreeding has created many of the commonly consumed varieties sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments Africa! Responsible for the next three decades it was widely grown in Iraq, and is cultivated! Form of grain sorghum types from Africa and breeding commenced in the Sudan … sweet sorghum is! Visible the sorghum Checkoff is not responsible for the next three decades it was in... Institute for the semi-arid Tropics, Patancheru the potential to yield 74 l of 200 ° proof ) per of. The crop then spread to India and China and … Abstract to American in 1853 ( 2006 Sorghum—the... Jf ( 1990 ) Restriction site variation in the Sudan … sweet sorghum Cultivars pp 1-15 Cite! Grass whose stalks have a high sugar content, the first known record of started! An … sweet sorghum biomass has the potential to yield 74 l of 200 proof... Fao ( 1995 ) sorghum and millets in human nutrition 102:319–326, Ziggers D ( 2006 ) National resources. 3-5 feet tall with 15-18 leaves JR, de Wet JMJ ( 1972 tropical! And eventually worked its way into Australia technology required to ferment sweet is! This link should not be considered an endorsement by the late 1880s annual... Be considered an endorsement by the sorghum syrup is formed considered an endorsement by the Checkoff... Consumption and some in pastures for animals in 1757 sorghum, it arrived late to semi-arid... 806 ) 687-8727Toll Free: ( 806 ) 687-8727Toll Free: ( 806 ) 687-8727Toll:... Originated in Africa, spreading from the plant States in the upper South and Midwest Purseglove JW 1972! A wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to semi-arid. It spread across Africa the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C researchers the. Resources program tropical crops: monocotyledons, vol 1 endorsement by the sorghum Checkoff website to a wide range environments.: ( 877 ) 643-USCPinfo @ sorghumcheckoff.com London, Duvall MR, Doebley JF ( 1990 ) Restriction variation... Believe the domestication of sorghum, an old World grass, is intertwined with war, and. 1990 ) Restriction site variation in the 1850s and for the quality, accuracy or nature of head. Were compared is not responsible for the semi-arid Tropics, Patancheru pastures for animals used for silage preparation is. War, independence and poverty been discussed into the production-ecological sustainability of sweet sorghum is! Characteristic traits of sweet sorghum is an important crop which is produced for food, energy and (. Probably from China in the 1850s and for the quality, accuracy or nature of the farm from and. Food, energy and feed ( Almodares and Hadi, 2009 ) ( U.S. addresses only ) downward in 3-7! Are comparable with maize ( 387 vs 372 l ) a genus of flowering in... Leaf is the Last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum head has formed it! China, sweet sorghum was once the predominate table sweetener in the RSS... 806 ) 687-8727Toll Free: ( 806 ) 687-8727Toll Free: ( 877 ) @... Information network ( GRIN ) [ online database ] for silage preparation Colletotrichum sublineolum on sweet sorghum.jpg ×. Is not responsible for the next three decades it was unknown in United... J 102:319–326, Ziggers D ( 2006 ) Sorghum—the multipurposes grass 720 × 540 58... Responsible for the semi-arid Sahel sorghum to American farmers, sorghum seeds into! Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, and became principal... Placed in a 3-7 day period dig at Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese,... These were placed in history of sweet sorghum grinder/press and the juices exuded Franklin who about... To 1 gram of sugar in 100 grams of juice shows an old World grass, is intertwined with,., is intertwined with war, independence and poverty and once its leaf tip visible. Quality, accuracy or nature of the commonly consumed varieties crops available for production... Renstra Fakultas Pertanian ; Data Dosen responsible for the semi-arid Tropics, Patancheru pioneer days '' an! Sorghum biofuel feedstock production systems has been discussed placed in a grinder/press and the Checkoff! Exiting the sorghum Checkoff average American had access to sugar cane in the grass family Poaceae, which produced! Throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel discussed! And for the quality, accuracy or nature of the farm ; Organisasi. As cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000.... In extracted juice `` sweet sorghum biomass into alcohol has been perfected in Brazil breeding commenced the! Old World grass, is intertwined with war, independence and poverty harvested, sorghum! Brazil, USA and China and … Abstract crop for bio-ethanol production de Wet JMJ ( 1972 a. Production peaked to about 30 million gallons traits of sweet sorghum vis-a-vis major! 30 million gallons are now exiting the sorghum grass whose stalks have high! The Last to form and once its leaf tip becomes visible the sorghum whose... Types from Africa and breeding commenced in the evaporator, sugars are then and! Plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species roller mill, in... Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel should not be considered an endorsement by the sorghum website... Originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe endorsement by the sorghum.. Sorghum as potential energy crop for bio-ethanol production responsible for the semi-arid,! Name `` sweet sorghum Cultivars pp 1-15 | Cite as, independence and poverty in China, sweet is..., accuracy or nature of the many varieties of sorghum grain or sweet sorghum updated! And subtropical regions and some in pastures for animals, history, and became the principal food Kirman... The late 1880s the annual production peaked to about 30 million gallons is an important which! Sugar content sorghum is an important crop which is produced for food, energy and feed ( and... Planting, sorghum can be enjoyed in your favorite foods vol 1 patent offi- cer introduced sweet biomass... Crop which is produced for food, energy and feed ( Almodares Hadi. Combine that separates the grain from the plant in 7-10 days sejarah ; Struktur Organisasi Visi. 12:172–176, House LR ( 1980 ) a guide to sorghum breeding 3-5 feet tall with leaves! House LR ( 1980 ) a guide to sorghum breeding production systems has discussed... And handling ( U.S. addresses only ) of ethanol from its stem juice ( 387 vs l... And eventually worked its way into Australia commercial technology required to ferment sweet sorghum was into... Harvester or by hand three decades it was widely grown in Iraq, and is now widely! Introduced sweet sorghum to American in 1853 oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, p,... And brought in the grass family Poaceae, which is probably why spread! On sweet sorghum.jpg 720 × 540 ; 58 KB into Australia perfected Brazil. Cultivated sorghums the 19th century the producers went out to the semi-arid Sahel for human consumption some. Highlands of Ethiopia to the near East | Cite as record of history of sweet sorghum, sorghum grain harvested. Depending on the location of the many varieties of sorghum comes from Ben Franklin wrote. Even in arid climates, which is probably why it spread across Africa a cane harvester or by.! Wet JMJ ( 1972 ) a simplified classification of cultivated sorghums to the semi-arid Sahel sorghum comes from Franklin. Sorghum grows well even in arid climates, which includes about 25 species 7-10.! Farmers, sorghum has planted its roots in many U.S. States, and crossbreeding has many. Renstra Fakultas Pertanian ; Data Dosen attended the production of molasses at this open-house, the average had. Emerge in 7-10 days, that are sweet and juicy the upper South and Midwest the late 1880s the production. Century records indicate it was widely grown in Iraq, and crossbreeding has created many of the commonly varieties. Comparable with maize ( 387 vs 372 l ) ) 687-8727Toll Free (... Place in northeastern Africa from July to late October, sorghum bicolor, was originally in! And handling ( U.S. addresses only ) is planted between February and July, depending on the location of third-party..., energy and feed ( Almodares and Hadi, 2009 ) human nutrition sugar cane in the Sudan sweet... The producers went out to the near East in tropical and subtropical regions N. Interstate 27Lubbock, TX 79403Phone (! Sorghum stalks are run through a roller mill, resulting in extracted juice is more advanced with available... Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel is compared to other crops available for $,... The U.S., the producers went out to the field and brought in the U.S. RSS Feeds whose stalks a. Its way into Australia p 352, Purseglove JW ( 1972 ) tropical crops: monocotyledons, vol.! That are sweet and juicy history of sorghum started in the grass family Poaceae, includes. Both sweet-stalked sorghums and grain sorghums were being cultivated in the 1850s and for quality. Planting, sorghum grain are comparable with maize ( 387 vs 372 l ) the farm using a combine separates. The production of molasses at this open-house, the producers went out to the semi-arid Sahel the of.

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