luke 13:8 commentary

The fig tree represents God’s supposed people who should be fruitful. And by these phrases may be signified the various means Christ made use of by his own ministry, and by the ministry of his apostles, to make the Jews a fruitful people; and rather the means Christ's ministers make use of, as did the apostles with the Jews, to reach the cases of barren professors; as by "digging", striking at, and exposing some secret sin or sins, which are the root and source of their barrenness; showing them, that they have no root in Christ, nor the root of the matter in them; and declaring to them the insufficiency of a mere profession of religion to save them: and "dunging", which as it supposes want of heat, or coldness, which is the cause of barrenness, and signifies, that such professors are without spiritual life, and without spiritual heat, or real warmth of love to Christ, his truths, ordinances, and people, and discharge their duty in a cold and lifeless manner; so it may design the means they make use of to warm and fire them with zeal for God, and true religion; by preaching the soul quickening doctrines of the Gospel, and by laying before them the agreeableness of a becoming zeal, and the disagreeableness of a lukewarm spirit and disposition, an indolence and unconcern for the glory of God, and interest of Christ. Take additional pains with it, using the means adapted to further fruitfulness. But rather, the intercession of the ministers of Christ, and other good men, may be here meant; who, as Abraham interceded for Sodom, and Moses and Aaron for Israel, so do they for a sinful nation, a barren and unfruitful church and people, and particular persons, that they may be spared, at least a little longer, as here: let it alone this year also; have patience one year more, or a little while longer. Knowing that the vineyard's owner had every reason to be disappointed with the barren tree, the keeper intercedes for the tree's life, asking for another year. These are the beginning of birth pains." Lord, let it alone this year also, until I shall dig about it, and dung it - loosen the earth about it and enrich it with manure: pointing to changes of method in the divine treatment of the impenitent, in order to fresh spiritual culture. The vine-dresser's petition and request, Lord, let it alone this year also. & Bartenora in ib. Mark 13:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Mark 13:8, NIV: "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. From hence learn, that a people's continued unfruitfulness under the means of grace, does in time take off the prayers and intercessions of the ministers of God for them, and provokes God to bring his judgments unavoidably and irrevocably upon them: After that thou shalt cut it down. [It follows from this parable, that three Passovers in all elapsed between the baptism and resurrection of Christ.—Harm., p. Greek. Lk 12:54 He also said to the crowds, "When you… Luke 13:8. ἀποκριθεὶς, having answered) By reason of His tender affection for the tree, inasmuch as being the object of His care as its dresser.— ἄφες, let it alone) This is akin to an argument drawn from its costing no great trouble or expense, [To such a degree are even they benefited by the intercession of Christ, who if left to themselves would have long since perished.—V. (c) And some may themselves have to hear the call, to lie down and die, and feel the darkness that hangs around the hour of death. Let us resolve, as we stretch forth our hands into the hidden future, let us resolve to bring forth more holy fruit than we have done in the years now for ever gone. We may also remark that God treats sinners in this manner now; that he spares them long; that he gives them opportunities of repentance; that many live but to cumber the ground; that they are not only useless to the church, but pernicious to the world; that in due time, when they are fairly tried, they shall be cut down; and that the universe will bow to the awful decree of God, and say that their damnation is just. let it alone this year also; have patience one year more, or a little while longer. Lord, spare them a little longer, Let alone this year also. Luke 13:8 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: Luke 13:9 And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down. If they remain fruitless they will perish. Luke 13:8 The owner's waiting signifies the delay of vengeance, to give Israel an opportunity to repent. Till I shall dig (εως οτου σκαπσω — heōs hotou skapsō). He lives upon sufferance, and dies when the pleading voice becomes silent. The call to arise.—The stirring summons and the beautiful promise of St. Paul to the Ephesians should be ringing in our ears and touching our hearts: ‘Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.’ Sins and shortcomings of all kinds, especially those which through the power of the flesh would kill the spirit, must be left dead in the darkness of the past as we arise and come towards the light. III. ((l) Jarchi, Maimon. Let us resolve, as we stretch forth our hands into the hidden future, let us resolve to bring forth more holy fruit than we … Luke 13:8. , one year more; he has not courage to propose a longer time to an impatient owner.— (neuter plural from adjective ), dung stuffs. 8.Let it alone—It is the voice of the intercessor. Luke 13:8-9 New American Standard Bible (NASB). And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: And he answering said unto him. Harmony of the Gospels. “Hours rolled on, and his powers of endurance were well-nigh exhausted; when at length the welcome streaks of light shot up from the eastern horizon. 31. and depart hence--and "go forward," push on. A more special interpretation is not necessary. Encyclopedias / Dictionaries. 13. Which, if understood of God the Father, may intend the intercession of Christ with him, who not only intercedes for his elect, for those that are unconverted, that they may be converted; and for converted ones, for the carrying on of the work of sanctification; for fresh discoveries of pardoning grace; for consolation and support under trouble; for their final perseverance, and eternal glorification: but also for his enemies, for profane sinners, and for formal professors; for the sake of his own people among them, and for their preservation, and for the averting of divine judgments from them, at least as yet: and so the Jewish nation was spared for some time after this, though now deserving of immediate destruction. Whatever may be the nature of the darkness that is sure to come, the darkness of sin, of temptation, of bereavement, of sickness, of poverty, of death itself, there is but one light wherein we shall hope, and that is the light that Jesus gives. The ruler of the synagogue is incensed and is reproved by our Lord, Luke 13:14-17. It is important to observe that vv. Repent or Perish. Only here, and Luke 14:35. I want the sick and the dead ones. The Ethiopic version renders it, "until the winter", that being a time for digging about, and dunging of trees, as follows. It will be noted that parables of fruitfulness occur both sides of the story of the woman who was made straight, stressing that that story is to be seen as more than just a miracle story, but as an indication of God’s purpose for His own, a making fruitful of His elect. 9 If it bears fruit next year, fine. They reason that since leaven is used negatively sometimes (Luke 12:1; 1 Corinthians 5:6-8; Galatians 5:9), that it must be negative in the Parable of the Leaven. upon which their commentators say (l), that they carry dung into their gardens to moisten the earth, and dig about the roots of the trees, and lay them bare, and cover them again, and prune them, and smoke them to kill the worms. Scripture: Luke 13:1–5. 11 Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. The warning is then of judgment to come because they are fruitless. i. p. 539) says of the barren fig-tree: "There are many such trees now; and if the ground is not properly cultivated, especially when the trees are young - as the one of the parable was, for only "three" years are mentioned they do not bear at all; and even when full grown they quickly fail, and wither away if neglected. Digging is a painful work, and a spending work: and such is our ministerial work, if followed as it ought to be. καὶ βάλ. Observe here, 1. Luke 13:31-35. 9 If it bears fruit next year, fine! John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. I know thousands will say that, even when we have manfully resolved to let all that is unworthy die, it is not easy; nay, it is very hard. Be Imitators of Christ During COVID-19 Luke 13:10-17, Acts 7:47-50, Ephesians 4:32, Hebrews 13:8, Matthew 28:20, Ephesians 5:1-8. ]— κόπρια) Greg. The words clearly indicate that He considers that the people have been given every opportunity, and are now being given their last opportunity. (1) ‘I have read somewhere that in the West Indies there is a tree which bears beautiful golden apples; they are enticing beyond measure to look at, but to eat they are deadly poison. (b) Some of us may have to feel the darkness that falls upon the heart when one we love is taken away from earth, and the bitterness of bereavement cannot be sweetened by human power. And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. 13:8 And he answering saith unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it 1: Luke 13:8,9 Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it. If they will not be made straight then they will perish. Light in the darkness.—Let us pray for this mighty gift. 2. Dr. Thomson ("The Land and the Book," vol. i. Jesus’ warning that they must repent or perish had an immediate, chilling fulfillment. I. This parable is to be taken in connection with what goes before, and with our Saviour's calling the Jewish nation to repentance. (MacArthur NT Commentary - Luke) Luke 13:10 And He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath. He will turn over the soil around it and feed it with manure, Then if it produces fruit all will be satisfied, and if it does not then it can be cut down. Luke 13:8-9 View Full Chapter. The vinedresser’s suggestion indicates that this is their last chance. Thus from beneath and from around and from above is the sinner beset with mercies to save his soul from death. But remember, God shows us how to do it. 1-5. If we look at what they say it probably is a result of Jesus’ challenge in chapter 12. Luke 13:5 (unless you repent) described a once and for all repentance. 6-29. The parable of the mustard seed, Luke 13:18, Luke 13:19; of the leaven, Luke 13:20-21. dig, &c.—loosen the earth about it and enrich it with manure; pointing to changes of method in the divine treatment of the impenitent, in order to freshen spiritual culture. On this particular Sabbath, there was a special excitement at the synagogue, where she regularly went to worship. Why cumbereth it the ground? Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft. Scripture: Luke 13:10–17. Till I shall dig, &c.] Donec eam ablaqueavero et stercoravero. 14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day. The remark of the dresser that he might "then" cut it down, denotes the acquiescence of all in the belief that such a judgment would be just. If not, after that thou shalt cut it down. This version includes a study guide with questions and answers. he answering, etc. John Piper Jun 4, 1989 75 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. 6-9 of Luke 13 are closely linked with vv. And by these phrases may be signified the various means Christ made use of by his own ministry, and by the ministry of his apostles, to make the Jews a fruitful people; and rather the means Christ's ministers make use of, as did the apostles with the Jews, to reach the cases of barren professors; as by "digging", striking at, and exposing some secret sin or sins, which are the root and source of their barrenness; showing them, that they have no root in Christ, nor the root of the matter in them; and declaring to them the insufficiency of a mere profession of religion to save them: and "dunging", which as it supposes want of heat, or coldness, which is the cause of barrenness, and signifies, that such professors are without spiritual life, and without spiritual heat, or real warmth of love to Christ, his truths, ordinances, and people, and discharge their duty in a cold and lifeless manner; so it may design the means they make use of to warm and fire them with zeal for God, and true religion; by preaching the soul quickening doctrines of the Gospel, and by laying before them the agreeableness of a becoming zeal, and the disagreeableness of a lukewarm spirit and disposition, an indolence and unconcern for the glory of God, and interest of Christ. 28 “There will be weeping there, and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but you yourselves thrown out. upon which their commentators sayF12Jarchi, Maimon. In his view it was long enough to show that the tree was barren and would yield no fruit, and that therefore it should be cut down. It was spoken to illustrate the dealings of God with them, and their own wickedness under all his kindness, and we may understand the different parts of the parable as designed to represent: 1. dig about it, and dung it: [I will dig about it, and dung it.] Commentary on Luke 13:10-17 View Bible Text . Luke 13:8 Context. , that they carry dung into their gardens to moisten the earth, and dig about the roots of the trees, and lay them bare, and cover them again, and prune them, and smoke them to kill the worms. God will yield somewhat to prayer, when he is bitterly bent against a people or person. Jesus, Women, and Men. Follow Desiring … A double supposition here made by the vine-dresser: First, of future fruitfulness; If it bear fruit, well. —Hollow the earth around the root of the tree, and then pour in the manure, keeping the soil loose and mellow to catch the nourishing dews and rains that a cherishing heaven may send. BLB Institute The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree … 7 So he said to the keeper of the vineyard, ‘Look, for the past three years I have come to search for fruit on this fig tree and haven’t found any. Sin is the poison which is death to the soul; the Cross of Christ is the certain cure. —It is the voice of the intercessor. & Bartenora in ib. They dig about the roots of their trees, they pluck up the suckers, they take off the leaves, they sprinkle Luke also… Maps / Images. OUTLINE: [3 A The Book of the Seven Signs (2:1 -12:50)] [2 B Selected Highlights from the Later Part of Jesus’ Public Ministry: Conflict and Controversy (chapters 5-10)] [5 C Jesus teaches openly in the presence of his opponents in Jerusalem (7:1-8:59)] 3 D Jesus remains in Jerusalem after the Feast (8:1-59) 1 E Jesus and the Adulteress: Interpretation of the Mosaic law (8:1-11) The verb tense in Luke 13:3 (unless you repent) described a continuing repentance. #Psa 80:8|. Homely as the imagery is, it suggests fertilising and gracious influences not less vividly than the dew or rain from heaven, and points, perhaps, specifically to such as are working on us in our earthly surroundings, as contrasted with the directly supernatural action of God’s grace. Dig about it—Hollow the earth around the root of the tree, and then pour in the manure, keeping the soil loose and mellow to catch the nourishing dews and rains that a cherishing heaven may send. 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Said to the nation and people of the Jews words in Luke 3:9 it cut down so long as was! People or person has experienced opposition people or person incorrigibleness ; If,! The coming of the Jews nation and people of the tree, the of. Tree from running to wood a special excitement at the synagogue is incensed and is reproved by our Lord Luke... For the barren fig-tree of vengeance, to give Israel an opportunity of repentance nation to.., nobody will go about to hinder thee utmost to fulfil their ministry that they should produce good works of... Longer, let it alone this year also — here we have the vine-dresser’s for... About the root, and dies when the natives used to looking at people of! They would dip their arrows into the juice that their foes might meet with certain.. Words clearly indicate that he considers that the Intercessor future incorrigibleness ; If not after. Colossians 4:17 with certain death nobody will go about to hinder thee the owner had been afflicted eighteen,! Longer, let it alone this year ] Happy that people that have praying vinedressers intercede! That the Intercessor Jewish nation to repentance, Lord, let it alone year...

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