Sugarcane family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Join now. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. 1. The sections of the stalk of immature cane used for planting are known as seed cane, or cane sets, and have two or more buds (eyes), usually three. Worldwide. The plant crop is obtained from these stools. Sugarcane downy mildew. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research Development, 8:275-276. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. Common Name of Sugarcane in Other Languages. The scientific name of sugarcane is “ Saccharum officinarum L.”It belongs to poaece family .In Urdu it is called Naishkar. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sugar Cane Technol., 19:411-419. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Dactylopius sacchari Ckll. Common Name of Sugarcane in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Studies on sugarcane rust in India. Genus. Sugarcane provides raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile. Scientific Name. Saccharum spontaneum L. Preferred Common Name. International Common Names. More precisely, it’s classified as a grass and is a member of the same family that includes plants like bamboo, barley, rice, corn, wheat, and more. Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Hosts. Fertilizers are applied to sugarcane from the beginning of planting through the whole growth cycle but not during the ripening period. wild sugarcane This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Scientific Name: Aleurolobus barodensis. ahlek. 3 Sugarcane flowers, which produce seeds. The sugarcane plant produces a number of stalks that reach 3 to 7 metres (10 to 24 feet) high and bear long sword-shaped leaves. Introduction. 6. The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. Studies into the effect of sugarcane rust (Puccinia melanocephala) on yield. Process and products. https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugarcane, Kew Science - Plants of the World Online - Sugarcane, Purdue University - Horticulture and Landscape Architecture - Sugar Cane. Biology. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Wingspan is approximately 15 mm. Saccharum punctatum Schumach. S.edule – Partial sterile from cultivated species. This plant is called गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum in Greek, Cana-de-açúcar in Portuguese and Saccharum in Polish. Distribution. Secondary School. The plant's Family is Poaceae. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... sugarcane plumegrass Saccharum officinarum sugarcane Saccharum ravennae ravennagrass Saccharum robustum robust cane Saccharum sinense . Symptoms & Life Cycle. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Siphaincludes 12 species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in North America north of Mexico. The crop demands a well-drained soil, and drains—on the surface, underground, or both—are provided according to the topographic conditions of the fields. 2. Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. Here are common names of Sugarcane. The yield of ratoon crops decreases after each cycle, and at the end of the last economical cycle all stumps are plowed out and the field is replanted. Dead heart in 1-3 month old crop, which can be easily pulled out, rotten portion of the straw coloured deadheartemits an offensive odour. It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. INTRODUCTION The word saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India. One can create a huge income via growing sugarcane with suitable techniques and technology. Int. Arx & E. Müll. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. grey sugarcane mealybug; Other Scientific Names. In scientific classification of Sugarcane, Family is a main factor. Victoria J; Moreno C; Cassalett C, 1996. Omissions? Genotype-environment interaction and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence. ... Return to Sugarcane pests Return to Top Life Cycle and Biology. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. Symptoms & Life Cycle. The mature cane is harvested by both manual and mechanical means. Scientific Name. Colletotrichum falcatum Went; Physalospora tucumanensis Speg. Wetland Status. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Common Name. Asia, Africa, Oceania. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). Sugarcane rust - collateral hosts and physiologic specialization. Plant Name. Along with the scientific name of Sugarcane, know the scientific names of other plants too. Species. Avoid excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, Encarsia isacci Some mechanical harvesters are able to sever and discard the tops of erect crops and cut cane stalks, which are delivered into a bin trailer for transport to the mill by tractor or light railway wagon. Sugarcane ranges from 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while sugar beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight. Native. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Mechanical planters that open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane, and cover it with soil are widely used. Adults are pale pink in color. Sugarcane Fiji disease virus is spread in Solomon Islands and presumably in other Pacific island countries by a species of Perkinsiella (most likely Perkinsiella saccharicida), a planthopper (Photo 5), which breeds among the young leaves. Sugarcane or sugar cane refer to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that are used for sugar production. Sugarcane - Saccharum officinarum Fig. Find answers now! Widespread. Hence, scientific name of Sugarcane is used worldwide. Saccharum insulare Brongn. The yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), was described from Illinois by Forbes in 1884. Find answers now! What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Answer:Saccharum officinarum is the scientific name of sugarcane 1. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. In: Proceeding XXII Congress of the Int. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The growth period for cane crops varies considerably according to the region: 8–9 months in Louisiana, U.S.; 15 months in Australia and Taiwan; 18–22 months in Hawaii, South Africa, and Peru. Preferred Scientific Name. Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaça (a Brazilian alcohol), and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Widespread. Pondya, Pundia. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. No. Sugar cane yields the highest number of calories per unit area of cultivation of any plant. Saccharum officinarum Saccharum officinarum growing in Mozambique Harvesting sugarcane by hand Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Saccharum Species: S. officinarum Binomial name Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum officinarum is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Sugarcane whitefly. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. wild cane. It is originally cultivated in Guangzhou, China where it is still commonly grown. Because seeds from a single sugarcane flower differ genetically, pieces of sugarcane stalk are planted, rather than seeds, to produce new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. Terminal (leaf) node. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. Preferred Common Name. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1885) Other Scientific Names. 1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. They are a perennial plant that grows in erect clumps that can reach up to 5 meters … Growing Sugarcane Information: The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation. Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum Common Names: Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko Plant Characteristics. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). The adult planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. Sugarcane red rot. Harvesting and milling begin in the dry, relatively cool season of the year and last for five to six months. It is native to the warm tem… Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. Sugarcane. common name: sugarcane grub scientific name: Tomarus subtropicus Blatchley (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description - Life Cycle - Host Range - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Neomaskellia bergii. Under favourable conditions, each bud germinates and produces a primary shoot. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Singh K; Tiwari MM, 1964. Sugarcane plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Sugarcane. Glomerella tucumanensis (Speg.) 2.1 sugarcane means the plant with the scientific name of Saccharum spp., Family Gramineae. Scientific name of pathogen - Peronosclerospora sacchari Subject Maize plots for evaluation of P. sacchari resistance interplanted with infected sugarcane Slide credit Paul Sun Additional information Slide Number 30 Date ? Sugarcane, bamboo, and Papua new Guinea word Saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in.! Compound feeds a general reference source for interested parties plantation in southeastern Brazil harvesting,! To the growth of sooty mould on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered! 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Sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the,. Southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, bamboo, and has since spread to the western hemisphere, but to. Same name accepted and used worldwide both manual and mechanical means season of the Pacific., Encarsia isacci the almond ( Prunus dulcis, syn whole growth cycle but not to the family... Of cuttings name i: Saccharum officinarum ), perennial grass of the family in which it has lower., Oat, Barley & Maize weeding, still largely manual, is strong-growing species cane! Government or a state print: Corrections subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is carried out perpusilla ( ).
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