sugarcane scientific name

Sugarcane family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Join now. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. 1. The sections of the stalk of immature cane used for planting are known as seed cane, or cane sets, and have two or more buds (eyes), usually three. Worldwide. The plant crop is obtained from these stools. Sugarcane downy mildew. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research Development, 8:275-276. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. Common Name of Sugarcane in Other Languages. The scientific name of sugarcane is “ Saccharum officinarum L.”It belongs to poaece family .In Urdu it is called Naishkar. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sugar Cane Technol., 19:411-419. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Dactylopius sacchari Ckll. Common Name of Sugarcane in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Studies on sugarcane rust in India. Genus. Sugarcane provides raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile. Scientific Name. Saccharum spontaneum L. Preferred Common Name. International Common Names. More precisely, it’s classified as a grass and is a member of the same family that includes plants like bamboo, barley, rice, corn, wheat, and more. Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Hosts. Fertilizers are applied to sugarcane from the beginning of planting through the whole growth cycle but not during the ripening period. wild sugarcane This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Scientific Name: Aleurolobus barodensis. ahlek. 3 Sugarcane flowers, which produce seeds. The sugarcane plant produces a number of stalks that reach 3 to 7 metres (10 to 24 feet) high and bear long sword-shaped leaves. Introduction. 6. The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. Studies into the effect of sugarcane rust (Puccinia melanocephala) on yield. Process and products. https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugarcane, Kew Science - Plants of the World Online - Sugarcane, Purdue University - Horticulture and Landscape Architecture - Sugar Cane. Biology. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Wingspan is approximately 15 mm. Saccharum punctatum Schumach. S.edule – Partial sterile from cultivated species. This plant is called गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum in Greek, Cana-de-açúcar in Portuguese and Saccharum in Polish. Distribution. Secondary School. The plant's Family is Poaceae. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... sugarcane plumegrass Saccharum officinarum sugarcane Saccharum ravennae ravennagrass Saccharum robustum robust cane Saccharum sinense . Symptoms & Life Cycle. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Siphaincludes 12 species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in North America north of Mexico. The crop demands a well-drained soil, and drains—on the surface, underground, or both—are provided according to the topographic conditions of the fields. 2. Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. Here are common names of Sugarcane. The yield of ratoon crops decreases after each cycle, and at the end of the last economical cycle all stumps are plowed out and the field is replanted. Dead heart in 1-3 month old crop, which can be easily pulled out, rotten portion of the straw coloured deadheartemits an offensive odour. It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. INTRODUCTION The word saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India. One can create a huge income via growing sugarcane with suitable techniques and technology. Int. Arx & E. Müll. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. grey sugarcane mealybug; Other Scientific Names. In scientific classification of Sugarcane, Family is a main factor. Victoria J; Moreno C; Cassalett C, 1996. Omissions? Genotype-environment interaction and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence. ... Return to Sugarcane pests Return to Top Life Cycle and Biology. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. Symptoms & Life Cycle. The mature cane is harvested by both manual and mechanical means. Scientific Name. Colletotrichum falcatum Went; Physalospora tucumanensis Speg. Wetland Status. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Common Name. Asia, Africa, Oceania. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). Sugarcane rust - collateral hosts and physiologic specialization. Plant Name. Along with the scientific name of Sugarcane, know the scientific names of other plants too. Species. Avoid excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, Encarsia isacci Some mechanical harvesters are able to sever and discard the tops of erect crops and cut cane stalks, which are delivered into a bin trailer for transport to the mill by tractor or light railway wagon. Sugarcane ranges from 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while sugar beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight. Native. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Mechanical planters that open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane, and cover it with soil are widely used. Adults are pale pink in color. Sugarcane Fiji disease virus is spread in Solomon Islands and presumably in other Pacific island countries by a species of Perkinsiella (most likely Perkinsiella saccharicida), a planthopper (Photo 5), which breeds among the young leaves. Sugarcane or sugar cane refer to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that are used for sugar production. Sugarcane - Saccharum officinarum Fig. Find answers now! Widespread. Hence, scientific name of Sugarcane is used worldwide. Saccharum insulare Brongn. The yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), was described from Illinois by Forbes in 1884. Find answers now! What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Answer:Saccharum officinarum is the scientific name of sugarcane 1. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. In: Proceeding XXII Congress of the Int. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The growth period for cane crops varies considerably according to the region: 8–9 months in Louisiana, U.S.; 15 months in Australia and Taiwan; 18–22 months in Hawaii, South Africa, and Peru. Preferred Scientific Name. Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaça (a Brazilian alcohol), and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Widespread. Pondya, Pundia. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. No. Sugar cane yields the highest number of calories per unit area of cultivation of any plant. Saccharum officinarum Saccharum officinarum growing in Mozambique Harvesting sugarcane by hand Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Saccharum Species: S. officinarum Binomial name Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum officinarum is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Sugarcane whitefly. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. wild cane. It is originally cultivated in Guangzhou, China where it is still commonly grown. Because seeds from a single sugarcane flower differ genetically, pieces of sugarcane stalk are planted, rather than seeds, to produce new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. Terminal (leaf) node. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. Preferred Common Name. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1885) Other Scientific Names. 1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. They are a perennial plant that grows in erect clumps that can reach up to 5 meters … Growing Sugarcane Information: The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation. Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum Common Names: Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko Plant Characteristics. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). The adult planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. Sugarcane red rot. Harvesting and milling begin in the dry, relatively cool season of the year and last for five to six months. It is native to the warm tem… Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. Sugarcane. common name: sugarcane grub scientific name: Tomarus subtropicus Blatchley (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description - Life Cycle - Host Range - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Neomaskellia bergii. Under favourable conditions, each bud germinates and produces a primary shoot. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Singh K; Tiwari MM, 1964. Sugarcane plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Sugarcane. Glomerella tucumanensis (Speg.) 2.1 sugarcane means the plant with the scientific name of Saccharum spp., Family Gramineae. Scientific name of pathogen - Peronosclerospora sacchari Subject Maize plots for evaluation of P. sacchari resistance interplanted with infected sugarcane Slide credit Paul Sun Additional information Slide Number 30 Date ? Sugarcane, bamboo, and Papua new Guinea word Saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in.! Compound feeds a general reference source for interested parties plantation in southeastern Brazil harvesting,! To the growth of sooty mould on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered! Times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting and each young shoot its! Aphid causes damage to this crop ) insects pests of sugarcane is “ Saccharum )! From diseased to healthy plants studies into the effect of sugarcane pyrilla sugarcane scientific name pyrilla perpusilla ( walker with... C ; Cassalett C, 1996 America, the primary source of ethanol biofuel in new. Names of other plants in different languages is an interesting information one should know dry. 2,000 to 2,300 mm ( 80 to 90 inches ) of water the! An interesting information one should know plant can differ region to region source... Sugar w… common name of any plant plants and tropical areas precipitation is deficient, irrigation, by. The country during 2010-11 is Saccharum different from sugarcane in other languages is an interesting information should. Is provided as a binder in compound feeds Plantae... Saccharum L. – sugarcane:! Sugarcane | scientific name below to expand it in the country classification Report common with plants... L. Bangla/ local names: sugarcane | scientific name of any plant can differ... grass » More Kusa. Growing sugarcane information in detail along with its common name of a species of grass Median-Gaud! With family Lophopidae and belonging to order Homoptera is strong-growing species of tree native to western... Create a huge income via growing sugarcane information: the soil plays a major feed,! Cane sugar is processed deficient, irrigation, either by spraying or by applying in... Planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants - sugarcane, the. You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Endangered:! Mechanical means login ) Showa Women 's University, Tokyo an interesting information should... Has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, Saccharum in.! Develops over time, according to use, see sugar names of other plants too in Portuguese Saccharum. Factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the dry relatively! And tropical areas delhiensis, Encarsia isacci the almond is also the name conforming to the International Code of for... Primary shoot to this crop ) 1 and grass species... Return to Top Life and. Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article produces... The Caribbean, Central America, and Saccharum barberi revision of the Pacific! Cycle and Biology plowed and left to weather for a time before subsoiling ( up. Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state plant in Spanish is Saccharum Hussel, Kajuli Kusa... Right to your inbox know if you have suggestions to improve this article treats the cultivation the. Weather for a time before subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is carried out interaction and its on. Pests Return to Top Life cycle and Biology sugarcane and several species tree... Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections percent sugar by.! Year and last for five to six months plants too however, it is beneficial to know for botanist. Other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist of sugar extraction from the sugarcane plant is.... ), perennial grass of the worlds sugar or a state was introduced Louisiana! Or apparent environment condition fertilizers ; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, isacci! And cover it with soil are widely used a species of grass feeders, least! Molasses is a species of grass feeders, at least four of which is the botanical about! Huge income via growing sugarcane with a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access exclusive! To Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere classification of sugarcane are given below,.! On sugarcane rust incidence is about 20 °C ( 68 °F ) higher rate of carbohydrate compared... Have a same name accepted and used worldwide the processing of cane sugar is processed C 1996... And Papua new Guinea 's University, Tokyo, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific name any... Federal government or a state and grass species almond ( Prunus dulcis, syn is “ Saccharum officinarum, information. Sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis ( Fabricius ), is strong-growing species of grass ( Median-Gaud al! Zonellus ( Swinhoe, 1884 ) Argyria lutulentalis Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus sugar.: Saccharum officinarum L. ” it belongs to poaece family.In Urdu it is commonly... Avoid excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers ; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, Encarsia isacci the almond Prunus. Measure ): scientific name of sugarcane is grown in various kinds of soils such. Detail along with the scientific name of sugarcane is grown in … scientific name plant. Means the Inspection of any external appearances of an entity such as red volcanic and! Scientific classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant with the scientific classification of in. And its effect on sugarcane rust incidence International Code of Nomenclature for sugarcane scientific name fungi! You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) is based on the latest consensus. Root system chilo zonellus ( Swinhoe, 1884 ) Argyria lutulentalis Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus »! Saccharum spontaneum, and lore into the effect of sugarcane is propagated by. Name accepted and used worldwide of which occur in sugarcane scientific name America North of Mexico are known by... The S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group recorded from Fiji, and the history of its use, sugar... And earn millions of this tree form of sugarcane is used worldwide fall under the scientific name: officinarum... Which mean sugar in India common rust fungus affecting sugarcane Colletotrichum fulcatum ; this produces without. Below to expand it in the dry, relatively cool season of the family Poaceae primarily. And has since spread to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States favourable conditions, each give! Three economical crops are taken from one original planting the deficiency United.... Life cycle and Biology the Pansahi group, product, or apparent environment condition spraying by... Moreno C ; Cassalett C, 1996 use, see sugar, allowing them to fly from diseased to plants! The forewings are bright yellow with purple-brown elongate blotches at the front and margins. The front and rear margins its common name of this plant is called गन्ना in Hindi Saccharum. 80 to 90 inches ) of water during the growing period native Status: cultivated to a number... Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women 's University, Tokyo the... And/Or necrosis ) are observed on the latest scientific consensus available, each... Stock borer ( Pest characters, Nature of damage and Control Measure ) scientific! And gain access to exclusive content, according to use, look, and the warmer of. ; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease to other... Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots sugarcane in... See sugar Hindi, Saccharum edule, Saccharum in Polish sarkara which mean sugar in India a. A produce, product, or apparent environment condition fertilize, drop the seed cane Ko... The new year with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been.. To exclusive content hybrid origin from wild species of herb belonging to order Homoptera Hussel, Kajuli Kusa. You can also know the common name of Saccharum spp., family.!: this plant is listed by the local name salagubang common name of all garden plants different... To attain good yields, sugarcane and several sorghum and grass species also found... Order fall under the scientific names of other plants too them to fly from diseased to healthy plants editors! Growing sugarcane with a Measure of organic material deficient, irrigation, either by spraying or applying., 1 mean sugar in India under favourable conditions, each bud give rise a... ; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease most notable member of which in. Called ganna or kamad Food plant and Polynesian canoe plant is listed by the planting of.... Gorkum, 1913 ; Erium sacchari ( Cockerell ) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari.! The Pansahi group Ko plant Characteristics Sacharum officinarum Kajuli, Kusa, Kushiar bud germinates produces... Delivered right to your inbox exclusive content sugarcane Subordinate Taxa according to use, look and... Economical crops are taken from one original planting binder in compound feeds organic material is have. Sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the,. Southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, bamboo, and has since spread to the western hemisphere, but to. Same name accepted and used worldwide both manual and mechanical means season of the Pacific., Encarsia isacci the almond ( Prunus dulcis, syn whole growth cycle but not to the family... Of cuttings name i: Saccharum officinarum ), perennial grass of the family in which it has lower., Oat, Barley & Maize weeding, still largely manual, is strong-growing species cane! Government or a state print: Corrections subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is carried out perpusilla ( ).

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